AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 277–287 | Cite as

Psychosocial Adjustment of Women to Living with HIV/AIDS

  • Daniel Karus
  • Karolynn Siegel
  • Victoria H. Raveis


Psychosocial adjustment to living with HIV/AIDS was examined in a purposive sample of 146 New York City, African-American, Puerto Rican, and White non-Hispanic women using the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale, self-report version (PAIS-SR). Puerto Rican participants reported significantly more problems than African-Americans on the Summary Scale and the Domestic Environment and Psychological Distress domain subscales and significantly more problems than either Whites or African-Americans on the Social Environment domain subscale. Problematic sexual relationships were found to be significantly associated with race/ethnicity, although scores did not differ significantly between any two groups. On average, women in all three racial/ethnic groups reported high levels of psychosocial adjustment problems to their illness relative to normative data for cancer patients. These findings suggest that, while all HIV-infected women may be at risk for problematic psychosocial adjustment to living with HIV/AIDS, Puerto Rican women may be especially vulnerable.

Psychosocial adjustment women race/ethnicity HIV/AIDS 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Karus
    • 1
  • Karolynn Siegel
    • 1
  • Victoria H. Raveis
    • 1
  1. 1.Joseph L. Mailman School of Public HealthColumbia UniversityNew York

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