Hydrobiologia

, Volume 497, Issue 1–3, pp 181–204 | Cite as

Two new species of Hyalella from Lake Titicaca, and redescriptions of four others in the genus (Crustacea: Amphipoda)

  • Exequiel R. González
  • Les Watling
Article

Abstract

The amphipod genus Hyalella has its highest diversity in the Andean Lake Titicaca. This genus is the only epigean amphipod present in South America. Eleven endemic and one non-endemic species are known from Lake Titicaca. An additional endemic species, Hyalella nefrens n. sp. and one non-endemic species Hyalella tiwanaku n. sp. are described here. Hyalella cuprea(Faxon, 1876), Hyalella latimanus (Faxon, 1876), Hyalella montforti Chevreux, 1907, and Hyalella neveulemairei Chevreux, 1904 are redescribed. The high diversity of Hyalella in the lake is not well understood, and it has been compared with the spectacular diversity of Lake Baikal.

Lake Titicaca Peracarida taxonomy freshwater Hyalellidae 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barnard, J. L., & C. M. Barnard., 1983. Freshwater Amphipoda of the World. I. Evolutionary Patterns and II. Handbook and Bibliography. Hayfield Associates. Mt. Vernon, Virginia. 830 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Bousfield, E. L., 1982. Amphipoda: Paleohistory. McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology for 1982–1983. pp 96–100.Google Scholar
  3. Bousfield, E. L., 1996. A contribution to the reclassification of Neotropical freshwater hyalellid amphipods (Crustacea: Gammaridea, Talitroidea). Boll. Mus. civ. St. nat. Verona 20: 175–224.Google Scholar
  4. Chevreux, E., 1904. Mission de Crequi-Monfort et Senegal de la Grange Note preliminar sur les amphipodes recueillis par M. le Dr. Neveu-Lemaire dans le Lac Titicaca. (Julliet, 1903). Bull. Soc. Zool. Fr. 29: 131–134.Google Scholar
  5. Chevreux, E., 1907. Les Amphipods des Lacs des Hauts Plateux de l'Amerique du Sud. Mission Scientifique G. de Crequi-Monfort et Sénéchal de la Grange, Lacs Hauts Plateuaux de l'Amerique du Sud, 22 ppGoogle Scholar
  6. Della Valle, A., 1893. Gammarini del Golfo di Napoli. Fauna and Flora des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte, Monographie 20: 1–948.Google Scholar
  7. Dallwitz, M. J., T. A. Paine & E. J. Zurcher, 1999. User's Guide to the DELTA System. A General System for Processing Taxonomic Descriptions. Edition 4.10. Division of Entomology, CSIRO, Australia. 168 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Dejoux, C., 1992. The Amphipoda. In Dejoux, C. & A. Iltis (eds), Lake Titicaca: a Synthesis of Limnological Knowledge. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: 346–356.Google Scholar
  9. Dejoux, C., 1994. Lake Titicaca. Arch. Hydrobiol., Bieh.; Ergeb. Limnol. 44: 35–42.Google Scholar
  10. Della Valle, A., 1893. Gammarini del Golfo di Napoli. Fauna and Flora des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte, Monographie 20: 1–948.Google Scholar
  11. Faxon, W., 1876. Exploration of Lake Titicaca by Alexander Agassiz and S.W. Garman. IV. Crustacea. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 3: 361–375.Google Scholar
  12. Fryer, G., 1996. Endemism, speciation and adaptative radiation in great lakes. Envir. Biol. Fishes 45: 109–131.Google Scholar
  13. Gonzalez, E. R. & L. Watling, 2001. Three new species of Hyalella from Chile (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Hyalellidae). Hydrobiologia 464: 175–199.Google Scholar
  14. Gonzalez, E. R. & L. Watling, 2002. Redescription of Hyalella azteca from its type locality, Vera Cruz, Mexico (Amphipoda: Hyalellidae). J. Crust. Biol. 22: 173–183.Google Scholar
  15. González, E. R. & C. O. Coleman, 2002. Hyalella armata (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Hyalellidae) and the description of a related new species from Lake Titicaca. Org. Divers. Evol. 2: 271–273.Google Scholar
  16. Lavenu, A., 1992. Origins. Formation and geological evolution. In Dejoux, C. & A. Iltis (eds), Lake Titicaca: a Synthesis of Limnological Knowledge. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: 3–15.Google Scholar
  17. Martens, K., 1997. Speciation in ancient lakes. Trends Ecol. Evol. 12: 177–182.Google Scholar
  18. Media Cybernetics, L. P., 1997. Image-Pro Plus for Windows. Reference Guide. 480 ppGoogle Scholar
  19. Oshel P. E. & D. H. Steele, 1988. Comparative morphology of amphipod setae, and a proposal classification of setal types. Crust. Suppl. 13: 100–106.Google Scholar
  20. Saussure, H., 1858. Memoire sur divers crustaces nouveaux de Antilles et du Mexique. Mem. Soc. Phys. Hist. nat. 14 P. 2: 417–496.Google Scholar
  21. Smith, S. I., 1874. The Crustacea of the freshwaters of the Unites States. A Synopsis of the higher freshwater Crustacea of the Northern United States, Appendix F. Natural History. Report of the Commissioner for 1872 and 1873. U. S. Comm. Fish Fisheries 2: 637–661.Google Scholar
  22. Smith, S. I., 1875. Report on Amphipod Crustaceans. Annual Report of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the territories, Embracing Colorado. The Exploration for the year 1873, by F. V. Hayden, Washington, Goverment Printing Office, 1874: 608–611.Google Scholar
  23. Stebbing, T. R. R., 1888. Report on the Amphipoda collected by H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. In Great Britain, Report on the Scientific results of the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology 29: 1–1737.Google Scholar
  24. Stebbing, T. R. R., 1906. Amphipoda I. Gammaridae. Das Tierreich 21: 1–806.Google Scholar
  25. Watling, L., 1989. A classification system for crustacean setae based on the homology concept. In Felgenhauer, B. E., L. Watling & A. B. Thistle (eds), Functional Morphology of Feeding and Grooming in Crustacea. A. A. Balkema. Rotterdam. Crustacean Issues 6: 15–27.Google Scholar
  26. Watling, L., 1993. Functional morphology of the amphipod mandible. J. nat. Hist. 27: 837–849.Google Scholar
  27. Witt, J. D. S. & P. D. N. Hebert, 2000. Cryptic species diversity and evolution in the amphipod genus Hyalella within central glaciated North America: a molecular phylogenetic approach. Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 57: 687–698.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Exequiel R. González
    • 1
    • 2
  • Les Watling
    • 2
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias del MarUniversidad Católica del NorteCoquimboChile
  2. 2.Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Zonas Áridas (CEAZA)CoquimboChile

Personalised recommendations