Brain and Mind

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 151–167 | Cite as

On Cognitive Informatics

  • Yingxu Wang
Article

Abstract

Supplementary to matter and energy, information is the third essence for modeling the natural world. An emerging discipline known as cognitive informatics (CI) is developed recently that forms a profound interdisciplinary study of cognitive and information sciences, and tackles the common root problems sharing by informatics, computing, software engineering, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, neuropsychology, philosophy, linguistics, and life science. CI focuses on internal information processing mechanisms and the natural intelligence of the brain. This paper describes the historical development of informatics from the classical information theory and contemporary informatics, to CI. The domain of CI, and its interdisciplinary nature are explored. Foundations of CI, particularly the brain versus the mind, the acquired life functions versus the inherited ones, and generic relationships between information, matter, and energy are investigated. The potential engineering applications of CI and perspectives on future research are discussed. It is expected that the investigation into CI will result in fundamental findings towards the development of next generation IT and software technologies, and new architectures of computing systems.

AI cognitive informatics cognitive science computing contemporary informatics information theory neuropsychology philosophy software engineering 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bell, D. A., 1953: Information Theory, Pitman, London.Google Scholar
  2. Dawson, M. R. W., 1998: Understanding Cognitive Science, Blackwell, Oxford.Google Scholar
  3. Goldman, S., 1953: Information Theory, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.Google Scholar
  4. Harre, R., 2002: Cognitive Science: A Philosophical Introduction, Sage, London.Google Scholar
  5. Hartley, R. V. L., 1928: Transmission of information, Bell Syst.Tech.J. July, 535.Google Scholar
  6. Leahey, T. H., 1980: A History of Psychology: Main Currents in Psychological Thoughts, 4th edn., Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.Google Scholar
  7. Patel, D. and Wang, Y. (eds.), 2000: Comparative studies of engineering approaches for software engineering, Ann.Software Eng.Int.J. 10, 391.Google Scholar
  8. Shannon, C. E., 1948: A mathematical theory of communication, Bell Syst.Tech.J. 27, 379-423, 623-656.Google Scholar
  9. Shannon, C. E. and Weaver, W., 1949: The Mathematical Theory of Communication, Illinois University Press, Urbana.Google Scholar
  10. Stillings, N. and Feinstein, M. H., 1987: Cognitive Science: An Introduction, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  11. Wang, Y., 2001: On a new frontier: Cognitive informatics, invited talk, in Proc.7th International Conference on Object-Oriented Information Systems (OOIS'01), Springer, Calgary, Canada. August 2001.Google Scholar
  12. Wang, Y., 2002a: On cognitive informatics, Keynote speech, in Proc.of the 1st IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Informatics (ICCI'02), IEEE CS Press, Calgary, Canada, August 2002, pp. 34-42.Google Scholar
  13. Wang, Y., 2002b: On the informatics laws of software, Keynote speech, in Proc.of the 1st IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Informatics (ICCI'02), IEEE CS Press, Calgary, Canada, August 2002, pp. 132-144.Google Scholar
  14. Wang, Y., 2002c: The real-time process algebra (RTPA), Ann.Software Eng. 14 (Oct.), 235-274.Google Scholar
  15. Wang, Y., 2003: Using process algebra to describe human and software behaviors, Brain Mind: Transdiscip.J. Neurosci.Neurophilos. 4(2), 199-213.Google Scholar
  16. Wilson, R. A. and Frank, C. K. (eds.), 1999: The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Science, The MIT Press, Cambridge, MS.Google Scholar
  17. Wang,Y., Johnston, R. and Smith, M., 2002:Cognitive Informatics: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference (ICCI'02), IEEE CS Press, Los Alamitos, CA.Google Scholar
  18. Wang, Y., Liu, D. and Wang, Y., 2003: Discovering the capacity of human memory, Brain Mind: Transdiscip.J. Neurosci.Neurophilos. 4(2), 189-198.Google Scholar
  19. Wang, Y., Patel, S. and Johnston, R. (eds.), 2001: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Object-Oriented Information Systems (OOIS'01), Calgary, Canada, August 2001, 552 pp.Google Scholar
  20. Wang, Y. and Wang, Y., 2002: Cognitive models of the brain, in Proc.of the 1st IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Informatics (ICCI'02), IEEE CS Press, Calgary, Canada, August 2002, pp. 259-269.Google Scholar
  21. Zhong, Y., 1996: Principles of Information Science, BUPT Press, Beijing.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yingxu Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Theoretical and Empirical Software Engineering Research Center, Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of CalgaryCalgary, AlbertaCanada

Personalised recommendations