The Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ) is a well-validated instrument. Our objectives were to explore the cross-sectional validity of the French version, using usual outcomes of asthma, as well as assessment of knowledge of asthma, self-management and compliance. A self-administered version of the AQLQ was given to 124 consecutive patients recruited from two out-patient clinics and an emergency room in order to reflect a wide range of asthma severity. The other outcomes of asthma measured were the FEV1, patient-perceived asthma severity using a visual analogue scale, compliance, knowledge of asthma condition and self-management autonomy. Correlations were predicted before analysis (+++ r > 0.5, strong correlation, ++ r = 0.35–0.5, moderate correlation and + r = 0.20–0.35, fair correlation). The AQLQ scores correlated moderately to strongly with asthma severity and fairly with the pulmonary function results. Of the behavioural outcomes assessed, only knowledge of asthma correlated fairly with the AQLQ scores, as expected. This study of the French version of the AQLQ, while showing similar cross-sectional correlations with functional assessment and asthma severity to those observed with the original English version, suggested in addition a positive association between quality of life and knowledge of asthma.
Asthma health status measurement quality of life compliance autonomy decision making