Journal of Traumatic Stress

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 3–16 | Cite as

Development of a Criteria Set and a Structured Interview for Disorders of Extreme Stress (SIDES)

  • David Pelcovitz
  • Bessel van der Kolk
  • Susan Roth
  • Francine Mandel
  • Sandra Kaplan
  • Patricia Resick


Data regarding the development of a structured interview measuring alterations that may accompany extreme stress are presented. A list of 27 criteria often seen in response to extreme trauma and not addressed by DSM-IV criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were generated based on a systematic review of the literature and a survey of 50 experts. A structured interview for disorders of extreme stress (SIDES) measuring the presence of these criteria was administered to 520 subjects as part of the DSM-IV PTSD field trials. Inter-rater reliability as measured by Kappa coefficients for lifetime Disorders of Extreme Stress was .81. Internal consistency using coefficient alpha ranged from .53 to .96. Results indicate that the SIDES is a useful tool for investigation of response to extremes stress.

posttraumatic stress assessment traumatic events disorders of extreme stress SIDES 


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Copyright information

© International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Pelcovitz
    • 1
  • Bessel van der Kolk
    • 2
  • Susan Roth
    • 3
  • Francine Mandel
    • 4
  • Sandra Kaplan
    • 1
  • Patricia Resick
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryNorth Shore University Hospital-Cornell University Medical CollegeManhassett
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryHarvard Medical SchoolCambridge
  3. 3.Duke UniversityDurham
  4. 4.Department of ResearchNorth Shore University Hospital-Cornell University Medical CollegeManhassett
  5. 5.University of MissouriSt Louis

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