Phenotypic Variations and Dynamic Topography of Transformed Cells in an Experimental Model of Diethylstilbestrol-Induced Renal Tumour in Male Syrian Hamster
- Cite this article as:
- Nonclercq, D., Liénard, V., Zanen, J. et al. Histochem J (2002) 34: 487. doi:10.1023/A:1024757806464
This work explores the phenotypic changes affecting transformed cells in an experimental model of diethylstilbestrol (DES)-induced renal tumours in male Syrian hamster. This estrogen-induced neoplasm presents an important cytological pleomorphism and its origin remains largely controversial. In order to characterize phenotypic variations during tumour progression, the occurrence of seven lineage markers was analysed by a morphometric approach in kidney sections of DES-exposed hamsters (6–;11 months). S100 protein, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and vimentin are expressed by a large percentage of malignant cells during tumour development. Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) and desmin are mostly evidenced in advanced neoplasm whereas Leu 7 always presents a focal expression. As evidenced by double-label immunofluorescence, the coexpression of three important neuroectodermal lineage markers (S100, NSE and PGP 9.5) in earliest tumour buds points to a peripheral nerve sheath origin for this neoplasm thus confirming previously published data. For each marker, the fluctuations of expression levels during tumour progression as well as the spatial heterogeneity of distribution suggest variable phenotypic differentiation of transformed cell populations. This observation is largely corroborated by double-label immunofluorescence showing coexpression modification of several markers during tumour progression. This points to a complex dynamic and spatial self-organization of different phenotypes within neoplasms. Altogether, these results support the concept that DES-induced kidney tumours are not made of unstructured cell populations but represent adaptive complex dynamic biosystems.