Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 13–30 | Cite as

Income, Money Ethic, Pay Satisfaction, Commitment, and Unethical Behavior: Is the Love of Money the Root of Evil for Hong Kong Employees?

  • Thomas Li-Ping Tang
  • Randy K. Chiu


This study examines a model involving income, the love of money, pay satisfaction, organizational commitment, job changes, and unethical behavior among 211 full-time employees in Hong Kong, China. Direct paths suggested that the love of money was related to unethical behavior, but income (money) was not. Indirect paths showed that income was negatively related to the love of money that, in turn, was negatively related to pay satisfaction that, in turn, was negatively associated with unethical behavior. Pay satisfaction was positively related to organizational commitment. Thus, the love of money is the root of evil, but money is not.

commitment evil Hong Kong income money ethic pay satisfaction the love of money unethical behavior 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Li-Ping Tang
    • 1
  • Randy K. Chiu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Management and Marketing, Jennings A. Jones College of BusinessMiddle Tennessee State UniversityMurfreesboroU.S.A.
  2. 2.Department of Management, School of BusinessHong Kong Baptist UniversityKowloon TongHong Kong, PRC

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