MMPI, MMPI-2 and PTSD: Overview of Scores, Scales, and Profiles
A number of issues should be considered when applying profile interpretations and subscales derived from the original MMPI. These issues and the overall utility of the MMPI-2 for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) evaluations are summarized. The Keane PTSD scale is found to be an effective tool for differential diagnosis when a cut-off score of 28 is used. The Schlenger PTSD scale warrants additional study. Various MMPI-2 validity scales are useful in detecting malingering, but concurrence regarding cut-off scores is lacking. The 2-8/8-2 MMPI PTSD profile does not emerge as consistently on the MMPI-2 as it did on the MMPI, due to the frequent elevation of scale 7 on the MMPI-2.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Butcher, J. N., Dahlstrom, W. G., Graham, J. R., Tellegen, A., & Kaemmer, B. (1989). MMPI-2 Manual for administration and scoring. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
- Hathaway, S. R., & McKinley, J. C. (1951). Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory: Manual for administration and scoring. New York: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
- Lyons, J. A. & Keane, T. M. (1992). Keane PTSD Scale: MMPI and MMPI-2 update. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 5, 111–117.Google Scholar
- Lyons, J. A., Gerardi, R. J., Wolfe, J., & Keane, T. M. (1988). Multidimensional assessment of combat-related PTSD: Phenomenological, psychometric and physiological considerations. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 3, 373–394.Google Scholar
- Schlenger, W. E., & Kulka, R. A. (1987, August). Performance of the Keane-Fairbank MMPI Scale and other self-report measures in identifying posttraumatic stress disorder. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, New York.Google Scholar
- Strassberg, D. S. (1991). Interpretive dilemmas created by the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2 (MMPI-2). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 13, 53–59.Google Scholar
- Ward, L. C. (1992). Charting the differences between MMPI and MMPI-2 profiles. VA Practitioner, 9,(7), 65–68.Google Scholar
- Wetter, M. W., Baer, R. A., Berry, D. T. R., Robison, L. H., & Sumpter, J. (1993). MMPI-2 profiles of motivated fakers given specific symptom information: A comparison to matched patients. Psychological Assessment, 5, 317–323.Google Scholar
- Wise, E. A. (1996). Diagnosing posttraumatic stress disorder with the MMPI clinical scales: A review of the literature. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 18, 71–82.Google Scholar