Prevention Science

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 203–212 | Cite as

Reducing Adolescents' Growth in Substance Use and Delinquency: Randomized Trial Effects of a Parent-Training Prevention Intervention

  • W. Alex Mason
  • Rick Kosterman
  • J. David Hawkins
  • Kevin P. Haggerty
  • Richard L. Spoth

Abstract

The relationship between growth in adolescent substance use and delinquency was examined in a longitudinal, randomized controlled study of the Preparing for the Drug Free Years Program (PDFY), a universal family-focused prevention intervention. Latent growth curve modeling was used to analyze 5 waves of data collected from 429 rural adolescents. Results showed that adolescents assigned to the PDFY intervention condition had a slower rate of linear increase over time in both substance use and delinquency compared with adolescents assigned to the control condition. Moreover, pretest level of delinquency was a reliable, positive predictor of growth in substance use, whereas pretest level of substance use did not predict growth in delinquency.

substance use delinquency adolescence parent-training prevention 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Arbuckle, J. L., & Wothke, W. (1999). Amos 4.0 user's guide. Chicago, IL: Smallwaters.Google Scholar
  2. Biglan, A., Duncan, T. E., Ary, D. B., & Smolkowski, K. (1995). Peer and parental influences on adolescent tobacco use. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 18, 315-330.Google Scholar
  3. Brook, J. S., Whiteman, M., Balka, E. B., Win, P. T., & Gursen, M. D. (1998). Similar and different precursors to drug use and delinquency among African Americans and Puerto Ricans. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 159, 13-29.Google Scholar
  4. Bui, K. V. T., Ellickson, P. L., & Bell, R. M. (2000). Cross-lagged relationships among adolescent problem drug use, delinquent behavior, and emotional distress. Journal of Drug Issues, 30, 283-303.Google Scholar
  5. Catalano, R. F., & Hawkins, J. D. (1996). The social development model: A theory of antisocial behavior. In J. D. Hawkins (Ed.), Delinquency and crime: Current theories (pp. 149-197). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Curran, P. J., Stice, E., & Chassin, L. (1997). The relation between adolescent alcohol use and peer alcohol use: A longitudinal random coefficients model. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 130-140.Google Scholar
  7. Dembo, R., Williams, L., Wothke, W., & Schmeidler, J. (1994). The relationships among family problems, friends' troubled behavior, and high risk youths' alcohol/other drug use and delinquent behavior: A longitudinal study. International Journal of the Addictions, 29, 1419-1442.Google Scholar
  8. Donovan, J. E., Jessor, R., & Costa, F. M. (1988). Syndrome of problem behavior in adolescence: A replication. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 762-765.Google Scholar
  9. Elliott, D. S., & Ageton, A. R. (1976). The relationship between drug use and crime among adolescents. In Research Triangle Institute (Ed.), Appendix to drug use and crime: Report of the panel on drug use and criminal behavior (NTIS No. PB 259, 167; pp. 297-320). Springfield, VA: National Technical Information Service.Google Scholar
  10. Elliott, D. S., Huizinga, D., & Ageton, S. S. (1985). Explaining delinquency and drug use. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  11. Elliott, D. S., Huizinga, D., & Menard, S. (1989). Multiple problem youth: Delinquency, substance use, and mental health problems. New York: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  12. Farrell, A. D., Danish, S. J., & Howard, C. W. (1992). Risk factors for drug use in urban adolescents: Identification and cross-validation. American Journal of Community Psychology, 20, 263-286.Google Scholar
  13. Fergusson, D. M., Lynskey, M. T., & Horwood, L. J. (1996). Alcohol misuse and juvenile offending in adolescence. Addiction, 91, 483-494.Google Scholar
  14. Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F., & Brewer, D. D. (1995). Preventing serious, violent, and chronic juvenile offending: Effective strategies from conception to age six. In J. C. Howell, B. Krisberg, J. D. Hawkins, & J. J. Wilson (Eds.), A sourcebook: Serious, violent, and chronic juvenile offenders (pp. 47-60). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  15. Hawkins, J. D., Jenson, J. M., Catalano, R. F., & Lishner, D. M. (1988). Delinquency and drug abuse: Implications for social services. Social Service Review, 62, 258-284.Google Scholar
  16. Hawkins, J. D., & Weis, J. G. (1985). The social development model: An integrated approach to delinquency prevention. Journal of Primary Prevention, 6, 73-97.Google Scholar
  17. Hays, R. D., & Ellickson, P. L. (1996). Associations between drug use and deviant behavior in teenagers. Addictive Behaviors, 21, 291-302.Google Scholar
  18. Hindelang, M. J., Hirschi, T., & Weis, J. G. (1981). Measuring delinquency. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  19. Huang, B., White, H. R., Kosterman, R., Catalano, R. F., & Hawkins, J. D. (2001). Developmental associations between alcohol and interpersonal aggression during adolescence. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 38, 64-83.Google Scholar
  20. Jessor, R., & Jessor, S. L. (1977). Problem behavior and psychological development: A longitudinal study of youth. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  21. Kandel, D. B., Simcha Fagan, O., & Davies, M. (1986). Risk factors for delinquency and illicit drug use from adolescence to young adulthood. Journal of Drug Issues, 16, 67-90.Google Scholar
  22. Kosterman, R., Hawkins, J. D., Haggerty, K. P., Spoth, R., & Redmond, C. (2001). Preparing for the Drug Free Years: Session-specific effects of a universal parent-training intervention with rural families. Journal of Drug Education, 31, 47-68.Google Scholar
  23. Kosterman, R., Hawkins, J. D., Spoth, R., Haggerty, K. P., & Zhu, K. (1997). Effects of a preventive parent-training intervention on observed family interactions: Proximal outcomes from preparing for the Drug Free Years. Journal of Community Psychology, 25, 337-352.Google Scholar
  24. Mason, W. A., & Windle, M. (2002). Reciprocal relations between adolescent substance use and delinquency: A longitudinal latent variable analysis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111, 63-76.Google Scholar
  25. McArdle, J. J., & Epstein, D. (1987). Latent growth curves within developmental structural equation models. Child Development, 58, 110-133.Google Scholar
  26. Muthen, B., Kaplan, D., & Hollis, M. (1987). On structural equation modeling with data that are not missing completely at random. Psychometrika, 52, 431-462.Google Scholar
  27. Muthén, B. O. (1994). Multilevel covariance structure analysis. Sociological Methods and Research, 22, 376-398.Google Scholar
  28. Park, J., Kosterman, R., Hawkins, J. D., Haggerty, K. P., Duncan, T. E., Duncan, S. C., & Spoth, R. (2000). Effects of the "Preparing for the Drug Free Years" curriculum on growth in alcohol use and risk for alcohol use in early adolescence. Prevention Science, 1, 125-138.Google Scholar
  29. Patterson, G. R., & Stouthamer Loeber, M. (1984). The correlation of family management practices and delinquency. Child Development, 55, 1299-1307.Google Scholar
  30. Redmond, C., Spoth, R., Shin, C., & Lepper, H. S. (1999). Modeling long-term parent outcomes of two universal family-focused preventive interventions: One-year follow-up results. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67, 975-984.Google Scholar
  31. Rogosa, D. R., & Willett, J. B. (1985). Understanding correlates of change by modeling individual differences in growth. Psychometrika, 50, 203-228.Google Scholar
  32. Snyder, H. N., & Sickmund, N. (1999). Juvenile offenders and victims: A national report. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.Google Scholar
  33. Spoth, R., Goldberg, C., & Redmond, C. (1999). Engaging families in longitudinal preventive intervention research: Discrete-time survival analysis of socioeconomic and social-emotional risk factors. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67, 157-163.Google Scholar
  34. Spoth, R. L., Redmond, C., Kahn, J. H., & Shin, C. (1997). A prospective validation study of inclination, belief, and context predictors of family-focused prevention involvement. Family Process, 36, 403-429.Google Scholar
  35. Spoth, R., Redmond, C., & Shin, C. (1998). Direct and indirect latent-variable parenting outcomes of two universal family-focused preventive interventions: Extending a public health-oriented research base. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 385-399.Google Scholar
  36. Spoth, R. L., Redmond, C., & Shin, C. (2001). Randomized trial of brief family interventions for general populations: Adolescent substance use outcomes 4 years following baseline. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69, 627-642.Google Scholar
  37. Spoth, R., Reyes, M. L., Redmond, C., & Shin, C. (1999). Assessing a public health approach to delay onset and progression of adolescent substance use: Latent transition and loglinear analyses of longitudinal family preventive intervention outcomes. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67, 619-630.Google Scholar
  38. White, H. R. (1990). The drug use-delinquency connection in adolescence. In R. A. Weisheit (Ed.), Drugs, crime and the criminal justice system Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences monograph series, pp. 215-256. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.Google Scholar
  39. White, H. R., Brick, J., & Hansell, S. (1993). A longitudinal investigation of alcohol use and aggression in adolescence. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 11, 62-77.Google Scholar
  40. White, H. R., Johnson, V., & Garrison, C. G. (1985). The drug-crime nexus among adolescents and their peers. Deviant Behavior, 6, 183-204.Google Scholar
  41. White, H. R., & Labouvie, E. W. (1994). Generality versus specificity of problem behavior: Psychological and functional differences. Journal of Drug Issues, 24, 55-74.Google Scholar
  42. White, H. R., Loeber, R., & Farrington, D. P. (1999). Developmental associations between substance use and violence. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 785-803.Google Scholar
  43. White, H. R., Xie, M., Thompson, W., Loeber, R., & Stouthamer Loeber, M. (2001). Psychopathology as a predictor of adolescent drug use trajectories. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 15, 210-218.Google Scholar
  44. Willett, J. B., & Sayer, A. G. (1994). Using covariance structure analysis to detect correlates and predictors of individual change over time. Psychological Bulletin, 116, 363-381.Google Scholar
  45. Windle, M. (2000). A latent growth curve model of delinquent activity among adolescents. Applied Developmental Science, 4, 193-207.Google Scholar
  46. Windle, M., & Windle, R. C. (2001). Depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking among middle adolescents: Prospective associations and intrapersonal and interpersonal influences. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69, 215-226.Google Scholar
  47. Winters, K. C., Stinchfield, R. D., Henly, G. A., & Schwartz, R. H. (1990). Validity of adolescent self-report of alcohol and other drug involvement. International Journal of the Addictions, 25, 1379-1395.Google Scholar
  48. Wothke, W. (2000). Longitudinal and multigroup modeling with missing data. In T. D. Little, K. U. Schnabel, & J. Baumert (Eds.), Modeling longitudinal and multilevel data: Practical issues, applied approaches, and specific examples (pp. 219-240). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Society for Prevention Research 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Alex Mason
    • 1
  • Rick Kosterman
    • 1
  • J. David Hawkins
    • 1
  • Kevin P. Haggerty
    • 1
  • Richard L. Spoth
    • 2
  1. 1.Social Development Research Group, School of Social WorkUniversity of WashingtonSeattle
  2. 2.Institute for Social and Behavioral ResearchIowa State UniversityAmes

Personalised recommendations