The Comprehension of Humorous Materials by Adolescents with High-Functioning Autism and Asperger's Syndrome
- 696 Downloads
This study investigated the ability of adolescents with Asperger's syndrome or high-functioning autism and an age-matched group of typical adolescents to comprehend humorous materials. The analysis of humor focused on picking funny endings for cartoons and jokes. As expected, the adolescents with autism had significantly poorer comprehension of cartoons and jokes. Both groups had more difficulty with the joke than the cartoon task, but when compared with the typical group, the adolescents with autism performed significantly poorer. Examination of the error patterns revealed that subjects with autism had difficulty handling surprise and coherence within humorous narratives.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Attwood, T. (1998). Asperger's syndrome: A guide for parents and professionals. Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley.Google Scholar
- Brodzinsky, D. M., & Rightmyer, J. (1980). Individual differences in children's humour development. In P. McGhee & A. Chapman (Eds.), Children's humour (pp. 181-212). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- de Villiers, J., & de Villiers, P. (1978). Language acquisition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Dunn, L., & Dunn, L. (1997). Examiner's manual for the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test–Third Edition. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.Google Scholar
- Fowles, B., & Glanz, M. E. (1977). Competence and talent in verbal riddle comprehension. Journal of Child Language, 4, 433-452.Google Scholar
- McGhee, P. E. (1979). Humor: Its origin and development. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.Google Scholar
- Moulton, P. (1942). 2500 jokes for all occasions. New York: New Home Library.Google Scholar
- Schopler, E., & Mesibov, G. B. (1992). High-functioning individuals with autism. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
- Shultz, T. R., & Horibe, F. (1974). Development of the appreciation of verbal jokes. Developmental Psychology, 10, 13-20.Google Scholar
- Sotto, C. D. (1994). The comprehension of riddles by school age children with normal language abilities and school age children with learning disabilities. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International.Google Scholar
- Suls, J. M. (1972). Atwo-stage model for the appreciation of jokes and cartoons: An information processing analysis. In J. H. Goldstein & P. E. McGee (Eds.), The psychology of humor: Theoretical perspectives and empirical issues (pp. 81-100). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- van Kleek, A. (1984). Metalinguistic skills: Cutting across spoken and written language and problem-solving abilities. In G. Wallach & K. Butler (Eds.), Language learning disabilities in school-age children (pp. 128-153). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar