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Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 5, Issue 1–2, pp 47–53 | Cite as

Synthesis of Single Crystalline ZnO Nanoparticles by Salt-Assisted Spray Pyrolysis

  • Camellia Panatarani
  • I. Wuled Lenggoro
  • Kikuo Okuyama
Article

Abstract

LiNO3 was used as a shield in the preparation of single crystalline ZnO particles by a spray pyrolysis process in order to prevent agglomeration and enhance the crystallinity of the ZnO. LiNO3 was added to a precursor solution of zinc acetate dihydrate prior to its atomization by means of an ultrasonic transducer. Agglomerate-free particles having a mean particle size of 26 nm were successfully obtained after washing the product. X-ray diffractometry, field-emission scanning electron micrograph and transmission electron micrograph data indicate that the size and morphology of ZnO were strongly influenced by the operating temperature used and the residence time of the particle in the reactor.

zinc oxide aerosol reactor droplet decomposition LiNO3 powder agglomeration 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Camellia Panatarani
    • 1
  • I. Wuled Lenggoro
    • 1
  • Kikuo Okuyama
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering, Graduate School of EngineeringHiroshima UniversityHigashi HiroshimaJapan

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