Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 84, Issue 1, pp 1–6 | Cite as

Nonomuraea terrinata sp. nov., a novel soil actinomycete

  • Erika Quintana
  • Luis Maldonado
  • Michael Goodfellow
Article

Abstract

The taxonomic position of a soil isolate, strain E626, was evaluated using the polyphasic approach. The organism was found to have chemical and morphological features consistent with its assignment to the genus Nonomuraea, a member of the family Streptosporangiaceae. Strain E626 consistently formed a distinct phyletic line within the Streptosporangiaceae 16S rDNA tree using four different algorithms. Furthermore, the taxonomic distinctness of the organism is underpinned by a range of phenotypic properties, notably morphological features. It is, therefore, proposed that the organism be classified in the genus Nonomuraea as Nonomuraea terrinata sp. nov.

Nonomuraea terrinata sp. nov. Polyphasic taxonomy 

References

  1. Athalye M., Goodfellow M., Lacey J. and White R.P. 1985. Numerical classification of Actinomadura and Nocardiopsis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 35: 86–98.Google Scholar
  2. Chiba S., Suzuki M. and Ando K. 1999. Taxonomic re-evaluation of ‘Nocardiopsis’ sp. K-252T (= NRRL 15532T): a proposal to transfer this strain to the genus Nonomuraea as Nonomuraea longicatena sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 49: 1623–1630.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Chun J. and Goodfellow M. 1995. A phylogenetic analysis of the genus Nocardia with 16S rRNA gene sequences. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 45: 240–245.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Collins M.D., Shah H.N. and Minnikin D.E. 1980. A note on the separation of natural mixtures of bacterial menaquinones using reverse-phase thin-layer chromatography. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 48: 277–282.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Felsenstein J. 1981. Evolutionary trees from DNA sequences: a maximum likelihood approach. J. Mol. Evol. 17: 368–376.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Felsenstein J. 1985. Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39: 783–791.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Felsenstein J., University of Washington, Department of Genetics, Seattle, USA 1993. PHYLIP (phylogenetic inference package), version 3.5c.Google Scholar
  8. Fischer A., Kroppenstedt R.M. and Stackebrandt E. 1983. Molecular-genetic and chemotaxonomic studies on Actinomadura and Nocardiopsis. J. Gen. Microbiol. 129: 3433–3446.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Fitch W.M. and Margoliash E. 1967. Construction of phylogenetic trees: a method based on mutation distances as estimated from cytochrome C sequences is one of general applicability. Science 155: 279–284.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Goodfellow M., Stanton L.J., Simpson K.E. and Minnikin D.E. 1990. Numerical and chemical classification of Actinoplanes and related actinomycetes. J. Gen. Microbiol. 136: 19–36.Google Scholar
  11. Holt J.G., Krieg N.R., Sneath P.H.A., Staley J.T. and Williams S.T. 1994. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. 9th edn. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  12. Jones K.L. 1949. Fresh isolates of actinomycetes in which the presence of sporogenous aerial mycelia is a fluctuating characteristic. J. Bacteriol. 57: 141–145.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Jukes T.H. and Cantor C.R. 1969. Evolution of protein molecules. In: Munro H.N. (ed.), Mammalian Protein Metabolism Vol. 3. Academic Press, New York, pp. 21–123.Google Scholar
  14. Kawato M. and Shinobu R. 1959. On Streptomyces herbaricolor nov. sp.,supplement: a simple technique for microscopical observation. Mem. Osaka Univ. Lib. Arts Educ. B. Nat. Sci. 8: 114–119.Google Scholar
  15. Kim S.B., Brown R., Oldfield C., Gilbert S.C., Iliarionov S. and Goodfellow M. 2000. Gordonia amicalis, sp. nov., a new diof benzothiophene-desulphurizing actinomycete. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 50: 2031–2036.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Kluge A.G. and Farris F.S. 1969. Quantitative phyletics and the evolution of anurans. Syst. Zool. 18: 1–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kroppenstedt R.M., Stackebrandt E. and Goodfellow M. 1990. Taxonomic revision of the actinomycete genera Actinomadura and Microtetraspora. System. Appl. Microbiol. 13: 148–160.Google Scholar
  18. Küster E. 1959. Outline of a comparative study of criteria used in characterisation of the actinomycetes. Int. Bull. Bacteriol. Nomencl. Taxon 9: 97–104.Google Scholar
  19. Lechevalier H.A. and Lechevalier M.P. 1970. A critical evaluation of the genera of aerobic actinomycetes. In: Prauser H. (ed.), The Actinomycetales. VEB Gustav Fischer, Jena, pp. 393–405.Google Scholar
  20. Lechevalier M.P., De Biévre C. and Lechevalier H.A. 1977. Chemotaxonomy of aerobic actinomycetes: phospholipid composition. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 5: 249–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Meyer J. 1989. Genus Actinomadura, Lechevalier and Lechevalier (1970a), 400AL. In: Williams S.T., Sharpe M.E. and Holt J.G. (eds), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Vol. 4. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, pp. 2511–2526.Google Scholar
  22. Minnikin D.E., O'Donnell A.G., Goodfellow M., Alderson G., Athalye M., Schaal A. et al. 1984. An integrated procedure for the extraction of isoprenoid quinones and polar lipids. J. Mimaximum crobiol. Methods 2: 233–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nonomura H. and Ohara Y. 1971. Distribution of actinomycetes in soil. XI. Some new species of the genus Actinomadura Lechevalier et al. J. Ferment. Technol. 49: 904–912.Google Scholar
  24. Poschner J., Kroppenstedt R.M., Fischer A. and Stackebrandt E. 1985. DNA:DNA reassociation and chemotaxonomic studies on Actinomadura, Microbispora, Microtetraspora, Micropolyspora and Nocardiopsis. System. Appl. Microbiol. 6: 264–270.Google Scholar
  25. Saitou N. and Nei M. 1987. The neighbor-joining method: a new method for constructing phylogenetic trees. Mol. Biol. Evol. 4: 406–425.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Schaal K.P. 1985. Laboratory diagnosis of actinomycete diseases. In: Goodfellow M. and Minnikin D.E. (eds), Chemical Methods in Bacterial Systematics. Academic Press, London, pp. 359–381.Google Scholar
  27. Sneath P.H.A. (ed.) 1992. International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, 1990 Revision. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  28. Stackebrandt E., Rainey F.A. and Ward-Rainey N.L. 1997. Proposal for a new hierarchic classification system, Actinobacteria classis nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 47: 479–491.Google Scholar
  29. Stackebrandt E., Wink J., Steiner U. and Kroppenstedt R.M. 2001. Nonomuraea dietzii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 51: 1437–1441.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Staneck J.L. and Roberts G.D. 1974. Simplified approach to identification of aerobic actinomycetes by thin-layer chromatography. Appl. Microbiol. 28: 226–231.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Tamura T., Suzuki S.-I. and Hatano K. 2000. Acrocarpospora gen. nov., a new genus of the order Actinomycetales. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 50: 1163–1171.Google Scholar
  32. Wang Y., Zhang Z., Ruan J., Wang Y. and Ali S. 1999. Investigation of actinomycete diversity in the tropical rainforests of Singapore. J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotech. 23: 178–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wayne L.G., Brenner D.J., Colwell R.R., Grimont P.A.D., Kandler O., Krichevski M.I. et al. 1987. Report of the ad hoc committee on the reconciliation of approaches to bacterial systematics. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 37: 463–464.Google Scholar
  34. Williams S.T., Goodfellow M., Alderson G., Wellington E.M.H., Sneath P.H.A. and Sackin M.J. 1983. Numerical classification of Streptomyces and related genera. J. Gen. Microbiol. 129: 1743–1813.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhang Z.S., Wang Y. and Ruan J.S. 1998. Reclassification of Thermomonospora and Microtetraspora. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 48: 411–422.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhou Z.H., Liu Z.-H., Qian Y.-D., Kim S.B. and Goodfellow M. 1998. Saccharopolyspora spinosporotrichia sp. nov., a novel actinomycete from soil. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 48: 53–58.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erika Quintana
    • 1
  • Luis Maldonado
    • 1
  • Michael Goodfellow
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural and Environmental ScienceUniversity of NewcastleNewcastle upon TyneUK

Personalised recommendations