Educational Studies in Mathematics

, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 319–325 | Cite as

Key Ideas: What are they and how can they help us understand how people view proof?

  • M. Raman


This paper examines the views of proof held by university level mathematics students and teachers. A framework is developed for characterizing people's views of proof, based on a distinction between public and private aspects of proof and the key ideas which link these two domains.

calculus epistemology mathematical ideas mathematical thinking proof 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Raman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Learning and TeachingGraduate School of EducationNew BrunswickU.S.A.

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