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Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 46, Issue 3, pp 349–355 | Cite as

Rapid Micropropagation of Five Cultivars of Mulberry

  • B.S. Bhau
  • A.K. Wakhlu
Article

Abstract

Multiple shoots were initiated from nodal and shoot tip explants collected from mature trees of Morus alba L. cultivars Chinese White, Kokuso-27 and Ichinose, and M. multicaulis Perr. cultivars Goshoerami and Rokokuyaso after 2 weeks of culture. Nodal explants were more responsive than shoot tip explants. Murashige and Skoog basal medium was found to be most suitable medium and 6-benzylaminopurine was the most effective cytokinin for shoot induction. Explants collected between April and September evoked better response than the explants collected between October and March. Shoots were multiplied by transferring nodal explants excised from in vitro raised shoots onto a medium containing cytokinins. Sucrose was the most suitable carbon source examined for shoot multiplication. An increase in shoot multiplication rate was noticed upto 4 – 5 subcultures. Nodal explants rooted on an auxin-supplemented medium. The acclimatized plants were successfully transplanted in the field.

axillary shoot proliferation carbon source Morus alba Morus multicaulis subculture 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • B.S. Bhau
    • 1
  • A.K. Wakhlu
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory, Department of BotanyUniversity of JammuJammuIndia

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