Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 195–211

Comparing Big Givers and Small Givers: Financial Correlates of Corporate Philanthropy

  • Bruce Seifert
  • Sara A. Morris
  • Barbara R. Bartkus
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1024199411807

Cite this article as:
Seifert, B., Morris, S.A. & Bartkus, B.R. Journal of Business Ethics (2003) 45: 195. doi:10.1023/A:1024199411807

Abstract

In a departure from the traditional studies of corporate philanthropy that focus on board composition, advertising, and social networks, the authors investigate the financial correlates of corporate philanthropy. The research design controls for firm size and industry while observing firms from a variety of industries. The sample contains matched pairs of generous and less generous corporate givers. The authors find, as hypothesized, a positive relationship between a firm's cash resources available and cash donations, but no significant relationship between corporate philanthropy and firm financial performance, regardless of whether corporate philanthropy is measured as cash payouts or the aggregate contributions that charities actually receive, and regardless of whether financial performance is gauged using accounting measures or market measures. Whereas the link between available resources and corporate philanthropy is well accepted in the literature on corporate social responsibility, it has been rarely tested and never so definitively found as in this research.

agency theory cash flow corporate philanthropy financial performance strategic management 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce Seifert
    • 1
  • Sara A. Morris
    • 1
  • Barbara R. Bartkus
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Business AdministrationOld Dominion UniversityNorfolkU.S.A.

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