Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 108, Issue 3, pp 397–417 | Cite as

Horizontal and Vertical Co2 Advection In A Sloping Forest

  • Marc Aubinet
  • Bernard Heinesch
  • Michel Yernaux


A system measuring the horizontal and vertical advection was devised and installed in a sloping forest at the Vielsalm site, Belgium. The measurements showed that under stable conditions a flow regime established below the canopy: air flowed horizontally along the slope and entrained the air above the canopy vertically. This movement occurs during stable nights characterised by strongly negative net radiation. It creates negative air concentration gradients in both the vertical and horizontal directions. The advection fluxes associated with these movements are opposite and of a similar order of magnitude. This implies that the horizontal advection cannot be ignored in the carbon budget equation at night. Unfortunately, the large variability of, and considerable uncertainty about, advection fluxes does not enable one to produce estimates of the source term from these equations. Advection measurement systems should be improved in order to enable such estimates to be made. Particular attention should be paid to the estimation of the vertical velocity above the canopy and to the vertical profiles of the horizontal velocity and horizontal CO2 gradient below the canopy.

Advection CO2 Forest Night flux 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc Aubinet
    • 1
  • Bernard Heinesch
    • 1
  • Michel Yernaux
    • 1
  1. 1.Unité de Physique des BiosystèmesGemblouxBelgium

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