Ascorbic acid spares α-tocopherol and prevents lipid peroxidation in cultured H4IIE liver cells
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- Huang, J. & May, J.M. Mol Cell Biochem (2003) 247: 171. doi:10.1023/A:1024167731074
Ascorbic acid, or vitamin C, can recycle α-tocopherol in lipid bilayers, but even sparing of α-tocopherol has not been a consistent finding in intact cells. Therefore, we tested the ability of ascorbate loading to spare α-tocopherol and to prevent lipid peroxidation of cultured H4IIE rat liver cells. Although α-tocopherol was undetectable in H4IIE cells, its cell content was increased by overnight incubation with α-tocopherol in culture. Cells incubated with ascorbate 2-phosphate accumulated ascorbate to concentrations as high as 0.6 mM after overnight loading, but also released ascorbate into the medium. Ascorbate loading of α-tocopherol-treated cells spared α-tocopherol in a concentration-dependent manner during overnight incubation. Lipid peroxidative damage, measured as a decrease in fluorescence of cell-bound cis-parinaric acid, was decreased in cells loaded with either α-tocopherol or ascorbate 2-phosphate, and showed an additive effect. These results suggest that ascorbate loading of H4IIE cells spares cellular α-tocopherol and either directly or through recycling of α-tocopherol prevents lipid peroxidative damage due to oxidant stress in culture.
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