Empirica

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 107–125 | Cite as

Wage and Mobility Effects of Trade and Migration on the Austrian Labour Market

  • Helmut Hofer
  • Peter Huber

Abstract

This study analyses the effect of trade and migration on wages and labour marketmobility. We estimate wage growth equations and a multinomial logit mobilityequation on an individual data set ranging from 1991 to 1994. We find substantialdifferences in the reactions of white and blue-collar workers wages and mobilityto trade and migration. In Austria exports have a positive and imports a negativeimpact on wage growth only for blue-collar workers. Migrants also reduce onlyblue-collar workers wage growth. Our results indicate that higher imports and aninflow of migrants reduce sectoral mobility of all types workers. The risk of beingout of work by contrast is increased by migration and imports only for blue-collarworkers, but reduced by exports for all types of workers. In general our results suggestenlargement of the EU would have only small effects on the Austrian labour market.

Wages migration trade 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helmut Hofer
    • 1
  • Peter Huber
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Advanced Studies, Department of Economics and FinanceViennaAustria E-mail
  2. 2.Austrian Institute of Economic ResearchWienAustria

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