Agriculture and Human Values

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 151–163 | Cite as

Foundations of production and consumption of organic food in Norway: Common attitudes among farmers and consumers?

  • Oddveig Storstad
  • Hilde Bjørkhaug


In Norway, the production andconsumption of organic food is still small-scale. Research on attitudes towards organic farming in Norway has shown that most consumers find conventionally produced food to be “good enough.” The level of industrialization of agriculture and the existence of food scandals in a country will affect consumer demand for organically produced foods. Norway is an interesting case because of its small-scale agriculture, few problems with food-borne diseases, and low market share for organic food. Similarities between groups of consumers and producers of food, organic and conventional, when it comes to attitudes concerning environment, use of gene technology, and animal welfare have implications for understanding market conditions for organically produced food. The results of our study indicate that organic farmers and organic consumers in Norway have common attitudes towards environmental questions and animal welfare in Norwegian agriculture. Conventional farmers have a higher degree of agreement with the way agriculture is carried out today. Unlike organic farmers and consumers, conventional farmers do not see major environmental problems and problems with animal welfare in today's farming system. But like the organic farmers and consumers, and to a stronger degree than conventional consumers, conventional farmers renounce gene technology as a solution to environmental problems in agriculture. These results are discussed in relation to their importance for the market situation for organically produced foods.

Agriculture Animal welfare Environment Food consumption Gene technology Organic 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Rural Research, NTNUTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Centre for Rural ResearchTrondheimNorway

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