Power and Control Dynamics in Prestalking and Stalking Situations Article DOI:
10.1023/A:1024064214054 Cite this article as: Brewster, M.P. Journal of Family Violence (2003) 18: 207. doi:10.1023/A:1024064214054 Abstract
Power and control have often been addressed in the domestic violence literature (e.g. [Babcock, J. C., Waltz, J., Jacobson, N. S., & Gottman, J. M. (1993). Cassidy, M. A. (1995). Ehrensaft, M. K., Langhinrichsen-Rohling, J., Heyman, R. E., O'Leary, K. D., & Lawrence, E. (1999). Gondolf, E. W. (1995). Tang, C. S. (1999). Umberson, D. Anderson, K. Glick, J., & Shapiro, A. (1998). This exploratory study adds to the extant literature by examining the role of power and control in stalking situations and in the prior relationship between the stalker and victim. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 187 women stalked by former intimate partners. Content analysis of the interview transcripts revealed the exercise of control financially, psychologically/emotionally, socially, and physically in many of the prior relationships and stalking situations. A greater number of victims reported social and physical control than psychological, financial, and sexual control during the prior relationship. Psychological control during the stalking was reported by nearly all victims, and social control during stalking was reported by over two thirds. Fewer than half of the victims reported physical assault during the stalking, and just over a quarter reported financially controlling behaviors.
stalking power control intimate violence References
Babcock, J. C., Waltz, J., Jacobson, N. S., and Gottman, J. M. (1993). Power and violence: The relation between communication patterns, power discrepancies, and domestic violence.
J Consult. Clin. Psychol
. 61(1): 40–50.
Bachman, R., and Saltzman, L. E. (1995).
Violence Against Women: Estimates From the Redesigned Survey. National Crime Victimization Survey. Special Report. U.S. Department of Justice, U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Barnard, G., Vera, H., Vera, M., and Newman, G. (1982). Till death do us part: A study of spouse murder.
Bull. Am. Acad. Psychiatry Law
Bolen, J. S. (1999).
Ring of Power: Symbols and Themes Love vs. Power in Wagner's Ring of Circle and in Us
, Nicholas-Hays, York Beach, ME.
Bookwala, J., and Zdaniuk, B. (1998). Adult attachment styles and aggressive behavior within dating relationships.
J. Soc. Pers. Relation
. 15(2): 175–190.
Bowlby, J. (1988).
A Secure Base: Parent–Child Attachment and Healthy Human Development
, Basic Books, New York.
Brewster, M. (1998).
An Exploration of the Experiences and Needs of Former Intimate Stalking Victims. Final report submitted to the National Institute of Justice.
Cassidy, M. A. (1995). Power-control theory: Its potential application to woman battering.
J. Crime Just
. 18(2): 1–15.
Chalk, R., and King, P. A. (1998).
Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs
, National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
Chornesky, A. (2000). The dynamics of battering revisited.
Affilia: J. Women Soc. Work
Dutton, D. G., and Strachan, C. E. (1987). Motivational needs for power and spouse-specific assertiveness in assaultive and nonassaultive men.
. 2(3): 145–156.
Easteal, P. (1994). Homicide between adult sexual intimates in Australia: Implications for prevention.
Stud. Crime Crime Prev
. 3: 24–40.
Ehrensaft, M. K., Langhinrichsen-Rohling, J., Heyman, R. E., O'Leary, K. D., and Lawrence, E. (1999). Feeling controlled in marriage: A phenomenon specific to physically aggressive couples?
J. Fam. Psychol
. 13(1): 20–32.
Felson, R. B. (1996). Big people hit little people: sex differences in physical power and interpersonal violence.
Gondolf, E. W. (1995). Alcohol abuse, wife assault, and power needs.
Soc. Serv. Rev. June: 274–284.
Hagaman, J., Wells, G., Blau, T. and Wells, C. (1987). Psychological profile of family homicide.
The Police Chief., pp. 19–25.
Hanrahan, D. M. (1997). Gender and spousal violence: A test of social control and power-control theories.
Free Inquiry Creat. Sociol
. 25(2): 189–197.
Henderson, A. J. Z., Bartholomew, K., and Dutton, D. G. (1997). He loves me; he loves me not: Attachment and separation resolution of abused women.
J. Fam. Violence
Katz, J. (1988).
Seductions of Crime
, Basic Books, New York.
Kemp, M. A., and Neimeyer, G. J. (1999). Interpersonal attachment: Experiencing, expressing, and coping with stress.
J. Counsel. Psychol
. 46(3): 388–394.
Kienlen, K. K. (1998). Developmental and social antecedents of stalking. In Meloy, J. R. (ed.),
The Psychology of Stalking: Clinical and Forensic Perspectives
, Academic Press, New York, pp. 51–67.
Lenton, R. L. (1995). Power versus feminist theories of wife abuse.
Can. J. Criminol. July: 305–330.
Litke, R. F. (1992). Violence and power.
Int. Soc. Sci. J.
Lukes, S. (1974).
Power: A Radical View
, MacMillan Press, London.
Magistad, B. M., and Rettig, K. D. (1999). Supporting children after divorce: An interpretation of power and control dynamics in obligor/obligee interactions.
J. Divorce Remarr
. 30(3/4): 85–102.
Mason, A., and Blankenship, V. (1987). Power and affiliation motivation, stress, and abuse in intimate relationships.
J. Pers. Soc. Psychol.
Meloy, J. R. (1996). Stalking (obsessional following): A review of some preliminary studies.
Aggression Violent Behav
. 1: 147–162.
Meyer, J. (1991). Power and love: Conflicting conceptual schemata. In Davis, K., Leijenaar, M., and Oldersma, J. (Eds.),
The Gender of Power
, Sage, Newbury Park, CA, pp. 21–41.
Muller, R. T., Sicoli, L. A., and Lemieux, K. (2000). Relationship between attachment style and posttraumatic stress symptomology among adults who report the experience of childhood abuse.
J. Traum. Stress
, 13(2): 321–332.
Prince, J. E., and Arias, I. (1994). The role of perceived control and the desirability of control among abusive and nonabusive husbands.
Am. J. Fam. Ther.
Ptacek, J. (1997). The tactics and strategies of men who batter: Testimony from women seeking restraining orders. In Carderelli, A. P. (ed.),
Violence Between Intimate Partners: Patterns, Causes, and Effects
, Allyn and Bacon, Boston, pp. 104–123.
Rosen, K. H., and Bird, K. (1996). A cased of woman abuse: Gender ideologies, power paradoxes, and unresolved conflict.
Violence Against Women
Rouse, L. P. (1990). The dominance motive in abusive partners: Identifying couples at risk.
J. College Student Dev
. 31(July): 330–335.
Stets, J. E., and Pirog-Good, M. A. (1990). Interpersonal control and courtship aggression.
J. Soc. Pers. Relation
. 7: 371–394.
Sugarman, D. B., and Frankel, S. L. (1996). Patriarchal ideology and wife-assault: A meta-analytic review.
J. Fam. Violence
Tang, C. S. (1999). Marital power and aggression in a community sample of Hong Kong Chinese families.
J. Interpers. Violence
Umberson, D., Anderson, K., Glick, J., and Shapiro, A. (1998). Domestic violence, personal control, and gender.
J. Marr. Fam
. 60(May): 442–452.
Google Scholar Copyright information
© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2003