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Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 146, Issue 1–4, pp 297–318 | Cite as

Removal of Remazol Red Rb by using Al (III) as Coagulant-Flocculant: Effect of Some Variables on Settling Velocity

  • Ahmet Gürses
  • Mehmet Yalçin
  • Cetin Dogar
Article

Abstract

This study addresses the research of the removal of a textile dye from aqueous solutions by using aluminum ions as coagulant-flocculant. A simulated textile wastewater was prepared from Remazol Red RB textile dye. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of temperature, pH, and concentrations of the cationic surfactant and electrolyte concentration on the settling velocity ofthe simulated textile wastewater. While investigating these factors, levels of variables were determined by considering the characteristicsof traditional textile wastewater like pH, temperature, and dye concentration. Although traditional coagulation-flocculation processesmake use of different aluminium salts as coagulant-flocculent, in this study, Al ions dissolved in pH and temperature of traditional textilewastewater were used. Furthermore, sludge volume index values (SVI) were determined and conductivity measurements carried out. The resultsshowed that, in the working range of these variables, the spectroscopic color measurement revealed 100% decolorization yieldof wastewater. In conclusion, researchers found that the optimum settling velocity conditions were as follows: low temperature (273K),surfactant concentration of 0.10 g L-1, electrolyte concentration of 0.10 g L-1, dye concentration of 0.025 g L-1 and a pH of 10.05. Finally, by conducting experiments twice under the obtained optimum values, mean settling velocity was 0.014 m min-1 and the mean sludge volume index 140 mL g-1.

coagulation-flocculation and sludge volumeindex settling velocity textile wastewaters 

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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmet Gürses
  • Mehmet Yalçin
  • Cetin Dogar

There are no affiliations available

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