Advertisement

Journal of Polymer Research

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 1–6 | Cite as

Synthesis and Optical Properties of Poly(BPDA-ODA)/Silica Hybrid Thin Films

  • Chao-Ching Chang
  • Ku-Hsien Wei
  • Yu-Lin Chang
  • Wen-Chang Chen
Article

Abstract

Poly(BPDA-ODA)/silica hybrid optical thin films were synthesized using a sol-gel reaction combined with spin coating and multi-step baking. The hybrid thin films were prepared by the precursors of aminoalkoxysilane capped poly(BPDA-ODA) amic acid and tetramethoxysilane (TMOS). Highly transparent hybrid thin films were obtained at a silica content of 0–51.9 wt%. The prepared hybrid thin films showed homogeneous structures and excellent surface planarity. The refractive index of the prepared hybrid thin films decreased linearly with increasing the silica content while the Abbe number showed the opposite trend. The prepared hybrid films also exhibited a much smaller optical birefringence than the parent poly(BPDA-ODA) because of the reduction of the rigid backbone by incorporating the silica moiety. Optical planar waveguides were prepared from the prepared hybrid thin films. The optical losses of the planar waveguides at 1310 nm were in the range of 0.5–1.3 dB/cm, which were reduced significantly by increasing the silica moiety. The reduction of the C–H bonding density and excellent surface planarity by incorporating the silica moiety explain the trend of optical loss. These results suggest that the prepared polyimide-silica hybrid thin films have potential applications for optical devices.

hybrid thin films optical properties polyimide poly(BPDA-ODA)/silica synthesis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    C. J. Wu, C. Y. Chen, E. Woo and J. F. Kuo, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 31, 3405 (1993).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. H. Bradley, I. L. Clackson and D. E. Sykes, Appl. Surf. Sci., 72, 143 (1993).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. V. Fusco and D. G. Young, Rubber World, 206, 34 (1992).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. Kubota, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 48, 1717 (1993).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. S. Shukla, S. C. Tewari and G. K. Sharma, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 34, 191 (1987).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. Uchida, K. Uyama and Y. Ikada, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 41, 677 (1990).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Z. Feng and B. Ranby, Angew. Makromol. Chem., 195, 17 (1992).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. M. Choi, C. K. Park, K. Cho and C. E. Park, Polymer, 38, 6243 (1997).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Vallon, B. Drevillon and F. Poncin-Epaillard, Appl. Surf. Sci., 108, 177 (1997).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Y. Tsuchiya, K. Akutu and A. Iwata, Prog. Org. Coat., 34, 100 (1998).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Mason, K. P. Vercruysse, K. R. Kirker, R. Frisch, D. M. Marecak, G. D. Prestwich and W. G. Pitt, Biomaterials, 21, 31 (2000).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Nihlstrand, T. Hjertberg and K. Johansson, Polymer, 38, 3581 (1997).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. C. Coen, G. Dietler, S. Kasas and P. Groning, Appl. Surf. Sci., 103, 27 (1996).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    F. C. Loh, K. L. Tan, E. T. Kang, Y. Uyama and Y. Ikada, Polymer, 36, 21 (1995).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. Muhlhan, St. Weidner, J. Friedrich and H. Nowack, Surf. Coat. Technol., 116-119, 783 (1999).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Nihlstrand, T. Hjertberg and K. Johansson, Polymer, 38, 1557 (1997).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Nihlstrand, T. Hjertberg and K. Johansson, Polymer, 38, 3591 (1997).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    N. Shahidzadeh-Ahmadi, M. M. Chehimi, F. Arefi-Khonsari, N. Foulon-Belkacemi, J. Amouroux and M. Delamar, Colloids and Surfaces A, 105, 277 (1995).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    N. Shahidzadeh-Ahmadi, F. Arefi-Khonsari, M. M. Chehimi and J. Amouroux, Surf. Sci., 352-354, 888 (1996).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Meichsner, M. Nitschke, R. Rochotzki and M. Zeuner, Surf. Coat. Technol., 74-75, 227 (1995).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Tatoulian, F. Arefi-Khonsari, N. Shahidzadeh-Ahmadi and J. Amouroux, Int. J. Adhesion and Adhesives, 15, 177 (1995).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    C. Muhlhan and H. Nowack, Surf. Coat. Technol., 98, 1107 (1998).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    L. A. Rishina, E. I. Vizen, L. N. Sosnovskaya, T. A. Lodygina, L. S. Dhibryaeva, A. A. Veretennikova and A. B. Gilman, Eur. Polym. J., 34, 1013 (1998).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. Tian, X. Lin, B. Huang and J. Xu, Eur. Polym. J., 31, 755 (1995).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. Kuzuya, A. Noguchi, H. Ito, S. Kondo and N. Noda, J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Chem., 29, 1 (1991).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    N. Inagaki, S. Tasaka and Y. Horikawa, Polym. Bull., 26, 283 (1991).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Y. I. Hsieh and M. Wu, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 43, 2067 (1991).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Onishi, K. Shimura, Y. Seita and S. Yamashita, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 46, 219 (1995).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    C. Oehr, M. Muller, B. Elkin, D. Hegemann and U. Vohrer, Surf. Coat. Technol., 116-119, 25 (1999).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    C. H. Bamford and K. G. Al-Lamee, Polymer, 37, 4885 (1996).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    B. M. Wickson and J. L. Brash, Colloids and Surfaces A, 156, 201 (1999).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    J. Behnisch, F. Mehdorn, A. Hollander and H. Zimmermann, Surf. Coat. Technol., 98, 875 (1998).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    C. J. Wu, C. Y. Chen, E. Woo and J. F. Kuo, J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem., 31, 3405 (1993).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    T. Rische, S. Zschoche and H. Komber, Macromol. Chem. Phy., 197, 981 (1996).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    V. Khunova and Z. Zamorsky, Polym. Plast. Technol. Eng., 32, 289 (1993).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    R. Greco, G. Maglio and P. V. Musto, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 33, 2513 (1987).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    W. Heinen, H. J. M. de Groot and M. van Duin, Macromolecules, 29, 1151 (1996).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    G. Samay, T. Nagy and J. L. White, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 56, 1423 (1995).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    K. E. Russell, J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem., 33, 555 (1995).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    G. Samay, T. Nagy and J. L. White, Inter. Polym. Sci. Technol., 22, 30 (1995).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    G. Samay, T. Nagy and J. L. White, Inter. Polym. Sci. Technol., 22, 40 (1995).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    S. N. Sathe, G. S. S. Rao and S. Devi, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 53, 239 (1994).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    A. Priola, R. Bongiovanni and G. Gozzelino, Eur. Polym. J., 30, 1047 (1994).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    C. T. Wu, C. Y. Chen and E. Woo, J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem., 31, 3405 (1993).Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    C. W. Lin, J. Mat. Sci. Lett., 12, 612 (1993).Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    K. J. Ganzeveld and L. P. B. M. Janssen, Polym. Eng. Sci., 32, 467 (1992).Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    A. J. Oostenbrink and R. J. Gaymans, Polymer, 33, 3986 (1992).Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    A. Sipos, J. McCarthy and K. E. Russell, J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem., 27, 3353 (1989).Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    S. G. Hong and F. J. Boerio, J. Adhesion, 49, 133 (1995).Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    S. G. Hong and C. M. Liao, Polym. Degrad. Stab., 49, 437 (1995).Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    B. C. Trivedi and B. M. Culbertson, Maleic Anhydride, Plenum Press, New York, 1982, p. 239.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    E. Dayss, G. Leps and J. Meinhardt, Surf. Coat. Technol., 116-119, 986 (1999).Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    D. L. Cho, P. M. Claesson, K. G. Golander and K. Johansson, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 41, 1373 (1990).Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    D. L. Cho and D. Ekengren, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 47, 2125 (1993).Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    T. M. Ko and S. L. Cooper, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 47, 1601 (1993).Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    C. M. G. Carlsson and K. S. Johansson, Surf. Interface Anal., 20, 441 (1993).Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    J. Schultz, K. Tsutsumi and J. B. Donnet, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 59, 277 (1977).Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    S. G. Hong and C. A. Ho, submitted for publication.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chao-Ching Chang
    • 1
  • Ku-Hsien Wei
    • 1
  • Yu-Lin Chang
    • 1
  • Wen-Chang Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringNational Taiwan UniversityTaipei, TaiwanR.O.C

Personalised recommendations