Journal of Traumatic Stress

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 301–306 | Cite as

Psychiatric Medication Use Among Manhattan Residents Following the World Trade Center Disaster

  • Joseph A. BoscarinoEmail author
  • Sandro Galea
  • Jennifer Ahern
  • Heidi Resnick
  • David Vlahov


To assess medication use in New York after the September 11th attacks, a telephone survey was conducted in October 2001 (N = 1,008). The prevalence of psychiatric medication use 30 days before the disaster was 8.9 and 11.6% 30 days after, a small but significant increase. The most important factor predicting postdisaster use was predisaster use—92% of those who used medications postdisaster used them predisaster. In addition, 3.3% used psychiatric medications 30 days postdisaster, but not 30 days before. Those who had panic attacks, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and insurance coverage, were the most likely medicated (26.5%). However, among those who used postdisaster medications (n = 129), new users tended to be those with panic attacks (44.1%) and those with panic attacks and PTSD (69.2%).

pharmaceuticals posttraumatic stress disorder disasters panic attack service utilization 


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Copyright information

© International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph A. Boscarino
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Sandro Galea
    • 3
    • 4
  • Jennifer Ahern
    • 3
  • Heidi Resnick
    • 5
  • David Vlahov
    • 3
    • 6
  1. 1.Division of Health and Science PolicyNew York Academy of MedicineNew York
  2. 2.Department of Veterans Affairs, New Jersey Health Care SystemResearch ServiceEast Orange
  3. 3.New York Academy of MedicineCenter for Urban Epidemiologic StudiesNew York
  4. 4.Department of EpidemiologyColumbia University, Mailman School of Public HealthNew York
  5. 5.National Crime Victims' Research and Treatment CenterMedical University of South CarolinaCharleston
  6. 6.Bloomberg School of Public HealthJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimore

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