Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 12, Issue 8, pp 1741–1751 | Cite as

Pollination biology of the Chilean endemic orchid Chloraea lamellata

  • Carlos Lehnebach
  • Magaly Riveros

Abstract

Chloraea lamellata Lindl. is one of the 50 taxa of terrestrial orchids occurring in Chile. In this paper we report the breeding system, phenology and pollinator activity in a population of the species located in the Province of Valdivia, X Región, Chile (39°28′ S). Chl. lamellata flowers from November to January, forming a lax spike with ca. 13 flowers. The floral life-span is 14 ± 4 days. The species is self-compatible. There was no statistical difference between the amount of seed produced after hand cross-pollination and hand self-pollination treatments. Neither direct autogamy nor agamospermy are involved in seed setting, thus pollinating agents are essential for the species' reproduction. Also, it has a high number of pollen grains (881733) and ovules (599833) per flower. The P/O ratio calculated is low (1.46). Probable pollinators belong to the orders Hymenoptera (Corynura chloris and Ruizantheda proxima) and Diptera (Sarcophagidae); these insects had a low visitation rate (0.00002 visits/spike/minute). The rate of pollination observed was low (28.6% flowers with pollinia deposited versus 71.3% flowers with pollinia removed). The reproductive features of Chl. lamellata suggest that the survival capability and long-term persistence of the species will be seriously threatened if the plant–pollinator interaction is disrupted.

Breeding system Chile Deception Orchidaceae P/O ratio Pollinator loss 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Lehnebach
  • Magaly Riveros

There are no affiliations available

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