, Volume 57, Issue 1, pp 27–57 | Cite as

Co-citation analysis and the search for invisible colleges: A methodological evaluation

  • Markus Gmür


After 30 years of research, co-citation analysis has become the dominant method for the empirical study of the structures of scientific communication. There is a considerable variety of methods and, at the same time, a lack of methodological evaluation. This paper summarizes the present state of co-citation analysis and presents several methods of clustering references. The database used is a selection of 2,114 documents in the field of organization studies from 1986-2000. The evaluative study shows that the choice of methods has a strong impact on the results created. It also shows that the methods of cluster and factor analysis hitherto used have only a limited value in differentiating clearly between schools of scientific research - the 'invisible colleges'.


Empirical Study Scientific Communication Present State Strong Impact Methodological Evaluation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Kluwer Academic Publishers/Akadémiai Kiadó 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Politics and ManagementUniversity of KonstanzKonstanzGermany

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