Sex Roles

, Volume 48, Issue 9–10, pp 401–410 | Cite as

Tomboyism, Sexual Orientation, and Adult Gender Roles Among Israeli Women

  • Marilyn P. SafirEmail author
  • Amir Rosenmann
  • Orly Kloner


The purpose of this study was to examine self-reported connections between sexual orientation (SO) and tomboyism in an Israeli sample. This study also focused on the connection between tomboyism and adult gender roles, and between gender roles and SO. A sample of 127 participants was solicited from lesbian organizations and from workplaces. Participants' SO was self-defined twice, using a forced choice and a Kinsey-type scale. Results revealed a connection between tomboyism and lesbianism. The overall level of tomboyism was lower then reported elsewhere. A relationship between tomboyism and gender roles emerged only for adolescence, and SO was only marginal related to gender roles. The definitions of tomboyism, cultural effects, Israeli society, adolescence gender roles, and bisexualism are discussed.

tomboy gender role Israel lesbian bisexual sexual orientation 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marilyn P. Safir
    • 1
    Email author
  • Amir Rosenmann
    • 1
  • Orly Kloner
    • 1
  1. 1.University of HaifaHaifaIsrael

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