Advertisement

Pharmacy World and Science

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 73–78 | Cite as

Pharmaceutical care in Denmark: perceived importance of medicine‐related problems and participation in postgraduate training

  • C. Rossing
  • E. Holme Hansen
  • J.M. Traulsen
  • I. Krass
Article

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the readiness of Danish community pharmacists to provide pharmaceutical care. Special focus was on information provided to patients on medicine‐related problems and participation in postgraduate training.Method: National cross‐sectional survey distributed to all Danish community pharmacies (N = 288). Response rate 75.7%; non‐responders were interviewed by telephone to establish their reasons for not participating.Main outcome measures: Prioritisation of information to patients regarding medicine‐related problems. Postgraduate courses selected by pharmacists during the past three years. Results: In accordance with the profile of Danish community pharmacists, respondents were primarily female and half were below 45 years of age. The main reason given for not responding was lack of time. The prioritisation of information to patients regarding medicine‐related problems resulted in three clusters of answers. The overall topics of the clusters were: information related to the technical‐practical use of medicines; information related to pharmacotherapeutic aspects of medicine use; and information related to the function of the medicine. The clusters accounted for 61.9% of the total variance. The most frequently attended postgraduate courses were on quality assurance and specific diseases. Conclusion: The patient information prioritised by Danish community pharmacists is primarily of a technical‐practical nature. The postgraduate training pursued is primarily technical without much focus on the philosophy of pharmaceutical care. These factors contribute to the lack of proper readiness of pharmacists to practice pharmaceutical care.

Community Pharmacy Denmark Drug-related problems Information Medicine Pharmaceutical care Pharmacy profession Postgraduate training Professional orientation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Kohn L, Corrigan J, Donaldson M. To err is human. Washington DC: National Academy Press, 1999. http://books.nap.edu/html/to_err_is_human.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hepler CD, Strand LM. Opportunities and responsibilities in pharmaceutical care. Am J Hosp Pharm 1990; 47: 533–43.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    van Mil JWF. Pharmaceutical care - the future of pharmacy. Groningen, The Netherlands: Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, 1999.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Engelsborg H, Fonnesbaek L, Herborg H, Soendergaard B. Pharmaceutical care in practice. The Danish College of Pharmacy Practice, 1997 [in Danish].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    The Danish Pharmaceutical Association. Proposal for minimum demands within the major areas of the quality assurance document, Pharmacy Quality Assurance, 1997 [in Danish].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Soendergaard B, Thorleifsson S, Herborg H et al. Quality assurance of astma patients' medicine use - a health economic analysis. Ugeskrift for Læger 2000; 480–6 [in Danish].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bernsten C, Björkman I, Caramona M et al. Improving the well-being of elderly patients via community pharmacybased provision of pharmaceutical care. Drugs Aging 2001; 18: 63–77.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Airaksinen M, Vainio K, Koistinen M et al. Do the public and pharmacists share opinions about drug information? Int Pharm J 1994; 8: 168–71.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Strand LM, Morley PC, Cipolle RJ et al. Drug-related problems: their structure and function. Ann Pharmacother 1990; 24: 1093–7.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Westerlund T, Almarsdottir AB, Melander A. Factors influencing the detection rate of drug-related problems in community pharmacy. Pharm World Sci 1999; 21: 245–50.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Altman DG. Practical statistics for medical research. Reprinted 1999. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kline P. An easy guide to factor analysis. New York: Routledge, 2000.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    StatSoft, Inc. (2001). Electronic Statistics Textbook. Tulsa, Oklahoma: StatSoft. http://www.statsoft.com/textbook/ stathome.html.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    The Pharmacy Act. No. 279 of 6.6.1984, cf. Departmental Order no. 657 of 28.7.1995 changed by Act no. 472 of 31.05.2000 [in Danish].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Westerlund T, Almarsdottir AB, Melander A. Drug-related problems and pharmacy interventions in community practice. Int J Pharm Pract 1999; 7: 40–50.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rovers PR, Currie JD, Hagel HP et al. practical guide to pharmaceutical care. Washington, DC: The American Pharmaceutical Association, 1998.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Almarsdottir AB, Morgall JM. Technicians or patient advocates? - still a valid question (results of focus group discussions with pharmacists). Pharm World Sci 1999; 21: 127–31.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ivey MF. Shifting pharmacy paradigm. Am J Hosp Pharm 1993; 50: 1869–74.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Cipolle RJ, Strand LM, Morley PC. Pharmaceutical care practice. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Macdonald KM. The sociology of the professions. London: Sage Publications, 1995.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Harding G, Nettleton S, Taylor K. Sociology for pharmacists: an introduction. London: The Macmillan Press, 1990.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Soerensen EW, Herborg H, Mount JK. The development of Pharmacy Practice Research in Denmark 1980–1990. J Soc Adm Pharm 1997; 14: 76–92.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Rossing C, Hansen EH, Krass I. Barriers and facilitators in pharmaceutical care: perceptions and experiences among Danish community pharmacists. J Soc Adm Pharm 2001; 19: 55–64.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Rossing
    • 1
  • E. Holme Hansen
    • 1
  • J.M. Traulsen
    • 1
  • I. Krass
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Social Pharmacy and FKL: Research Centre for Quality in Medicine UsePharmaceutical University of Denmark, Universitetsparken 2CopenhagenDenmark E‐mail
  2. 2.Faculty of Pharmacy, Pharmacy BuildingUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia

Personalised recommendations