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Solar Physics

, Volume 213, Issue 1, pp 55–67 | Cite as

Temperature Dependence of Molecular Line Strengths and Fe i 1565 nm Zeeman Splitting in a Sunspot

  • M.J. Penn
  • S. Walton
  • G. Chapman
  • J. Ceja
  • W. Plick
Article

Abstract

Spectroscopic observations at 1565 nm were made in the eastern half of the main umbra of NOAA 9885 on 1 April 2002 using the National Solar Observatory McMath-Pierce Telescope at Kitt Peak with a tip-tilt image stabilization system and the California State University Northridge–National Solar Observatory infrared camera. The line depth of the OH blend at 1565.1 nm varies with the observed continuum temperature; the variation fits previous observations except that the continuum temperature is lower by 600 K. The equivalent width of the OH absorption line at 1565.2 nm shows a temperature dependence similar to previously published umbral molecular observations at 640 nm. A simple model of expected OH abundance based upon an ionization analogy to molecular dissociation is produced and agrees well with the temperature variation of the line equivalent width. A CN absorption line at 1564.6 nm shows a very different temperature dependence, likely due to complicated formation and destruction processes. Nonetheless a numerical fit of the temperature variation of the CN equivalent width is presented. Finally a comparison of the Zeeman splitting of the Fe i 1564.8 nm line with the sunspot temperature derived from the continuum intensity shows an umbra somewhat cooler for a given magnetic field strength than previous comparisons using this infrared 1564.8 nm line, but consistent with these previous infrared measurements the umbra is hotter for a given magnetic field strength than magnetic and temperature measurements at 630.2 nm would suggest. Differences between the 630.2 nm and 1564.8 nm umbral temperature and magnetic field relations are explained with the different heights of formation of the lines and continua at these wavelengths.

Keywords

Absorption Line Magnetic Field Strength Equivalent Width Line Strength Zeeman Splitting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • M.J. Penn
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Walton
    • 2
  • G. Chapman
    • 2
  • J. Ceja
    • 2
  • W. Plick
    • 3
  1. 1.National Solar ObservatoryTucson
  2. 2.Department of Physics and AstronomySan Fernando Observatory and California State University NorthridgeNorthridgeU.S.A
  3. 3.Department of Physics and AstronomyConnecticut CollegeNew LondonU.S.A

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