Mathematical Geology

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 155–173 | Cite as

Stepwise Conditional Transformation for Simulation of Multiple Variables

  • Oy Leuangthong
  • Clayton V. Deutsch


Most geostatistical studies consider multiple-related variables. These relationships often show complex features such as nonlinearity, heteroscedasticity, and mineralogical or other constraints. These features are not handled by the well-established Gaussian simulation techniques. Earth science variables are rarely Gaussian. Transformation or anamorphosis techniques make each variable univariate Gaussian, but do not enforce bivariate or higher order Gaussianity. The stepwise conditional transformation technique is proposed to transform multiple variables to be univariate Gaussian and multivariate Gaussian with no cross correlation. This makes it remarkably easy to simulate multiple variables with arbitrarily complex relationships: (1) transform the multiple variables, (2) perform independent Gaussian simulation on the transformed variables, and (3) back transform to the original variables. The back transformation enforces reproduction of the original complex features. The methodology and underlying assumptions are explained. Several petroleum and mining examples are used to show features of the transformation and implementation details.

multivariate transformation multivariate geostatistics model of coregionalization 


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Copyright information

© International Association for Mathematical Geology 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oy Leuangthong
    • 1
  • Clayton V. Deutsch
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil & Environmental EngineeringUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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