Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 32, Issue 4, pp 243–258 | Cite as

Longitudinal Relations Among Depression, Stress, and Coping in High Risk Youth

  • Elisha R. Galaif
  • Steve Sussman
  • Chih-Ping Chou
  • Thomas A. Wills


The structural relationships among risk and protective factors were examined in a sample of 646 continuation high school students. Although depression predicted more perceived stress, it was not a unique predictor of anger coping, seeking social support, or substance use. Perceived stress increased seeking social support. Seeking social support decreased the utilization of anger coping, which suggests that it may be a means of prevention for adolescents. Anger coping behaviors were implicated as being significant in sustaining depression and perceived stress, and in increasing hard drug use over time. Moderation analysis indicated that although there was no difference in the stress–coping–depression relationship between Latinos and Caucasians, the relationship among perceived stress, anger coping, and depression was stronger for female than for male adolescents. Theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed.

adolescent depression anger coping stress drug use 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisha R. Galaif
    • 1
  • Steve Sussman
    • 2
  • Chih-Ping Chou
    • 3
  • Thomas A. Wills
    • 4
  1. 1.California State UniversityNorthridge
  2. 2.the Keck School of Medicine and the Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention ResearchUniversity of Southern CaliforniaAlhambra
  3. 3.the Keck School of MedicineUniversity of Southern CaliforniaAlhambra
  4. 4.Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of MedicineYeshiva UniversityUSA

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