Journal of Community Health

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 209–220 | Cite as

Smoking-Related Attitudes and Their Sociodemographic Correlates Among Mexican-Origin Adult Smokers

  • Veronica A. Serrano
  • Susan I. Woodruff


The purpose of the study was to describe smoking-related knowledge and attitudes of a specific group of Latino smokers, and to identify sociodemographic correlates. This study is one of the few to provide information about smoking-related psychosocial variables and their correlates among a Latino subgroup. A survey was administered to a volunteer sample of adult smokers of Mexican-origin (n = 278) to assess their sociodemographic characteristics, and smoking-related knowledge and attitudes. Measures of smoking-related attitudes targeted six constructs: self-efficacy for quitting smoking, anticipated outcomes, intentions to quit, normative expectations, social support, and barriers to quitting. Smoking/cessation knowledge was assessed with a 14 item test. This sample of smokers had high knowledge and positive attitudes about quitting smoking. Several sociodemographic variables were associated with attitudinal knowledge variables, although no consistent pattern of association was seen. Results underscore the complexity between smoking-related attitudes and sociodemographic factors, and are discussed in terms of implications for culturally-tailored interventions.

Latinos smoking smoking knowledge attitudes 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Tobacco use among U.S. racial/ethnic minority groups—African Americans, American Indians and Alaskan Natives, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, and Hispanics: A report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1998.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Centers for Disease Control. Cigarette smoking among adults—United States, 1999. MMWR 2001; 50:869–873.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Palinkas L, Pierce J, Rosbrook B, Pickwell S, Johnson M, Bal D. Cigarette smoking behavior and beliefs of Hispanics in California. Am J Prev Med 1993; 9:331–336.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Perez-Stable EJ, Sabogal F, Otero-Sabogal R, Hiatt RA, McPhee SJ. Misconceptions about cancer among Latinos and Anglos. JAMA 1992; 268:3219–3223.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Marín G, Marín BV, Otero-Sabogal R, Sabogal F, Perez-Stable E. The role of acculturation in the attitudes, norms, and expectancies of Hispanic smokers. J Cross Cultural Psychol 1989; 20:399–415.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Marín G. Defining culturally appropriate community interventions: Hispanics as a case study. J Community Psychol 1993; 21:149–159.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fishbein M. Changing behavior to prevent STDs/AIDS. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 1998; 63:S175–S181.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cuellar I, Arnold B, Maldonado R. Acculturation rating scale for Mexican Americans II: a revision of the original ARSMA scale. Hisp J Behav Sci 1995; 17:275–304.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fishbein M, Bandura A, Triandis HC, Kanfer FH, Becker MH, Middlestadt SE. Factors Influencing Behavior and Behavior Change: Final Report—Theorist's Workshop. Rockville, Maryland: National Institute of Mental Health, 1992.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Klesges RC, Somes G, Pascale RW, et al. Knowledge and beliefs regarding the consequences of cigarette smoking and their relationship to smoking status in a biracial sample. Health Psychol 1988; 7:387–401.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Farquhar JW, Maccoby N, Solomon DS. Community application of behavioral medicine. In WD Gentry (Ed), Handbook of Behavioral Medicine. New York: Guilford, 1984, pp 437–478.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Marín B, Perez-Stable E, Marín G, Sabogal F, Otero-Sabogal R. Attitudes and Behaviors of Hispanic Smokers: Implications for Cessation Interventions. Health Educ Q 1990; 17:287–297.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Veronica A. Serrano
    • 1
  • Susan I. Woodruff
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of Public Health, Center for Behavioral and Community Health StudiesSan Diego State UniversitySan Diego
  2. 2.Graduate School of Public Health, Center for Behavioral and Community Health StudiesSan Diego State UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations