Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 31–36 | Cite as

Ramakrishna: Mystical, Erotic, or Both?

  • Alan Roland


The lengthy psychoanalytic discourse on Ramakrishna is traced from Romain Rolland's dialogue with Freud on the spiritual to later uses of applied psychoanalysis by Sudhir Kakar, Jeffrey Masson, and Jeffrey Kripal. Basic problems in applying psychoanalysis to great spiritual figures such as Ramakrishna are illustrated through an analysis of Kripal's Kali's Child. Newer approaches to deal more adequately with the spiritual self and psychopathology are cited.


Basic Problem Spiritual Figure Psychoanalytic Discourse Applied Psychoanalysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Coltart, N., “The Practice of Psychoanalysis and Buddhism.” In Slouching toward Bethlehem. New York: Guilford Press, 1992, pp. 164–175.Google Scholar
  2. Coltart, N., “Buddhism and Psychoanalysis Revisited.” In The Baby and the Bathwater, New York: International Universities Press, 1996, pp. 125–140.Google Scholar
  3. Cooper, P. “Affects and Self States: A Case Study on the Integration of Buddhist Analytic Meditation and Psychoanalysis.” Unpublished paper, 1996.Google Scholar
  4. Cooper, P., “The Disavowal of the Spirit: Wholeness and Integration in Buddhism and Psychoanalysis.” In Psychoanalysis and Buddhism. New York: Farrar Straus, 1998.Google Scholar
  5. Finn, M., “Transitional Space and Tibetan Buddhism: The Object Relations of Meditation.” In Object Relations Theory and Religious Experience, ed. M. Finn and J. Gartner. New York: Praeger, 1992.Google Scholar
  6. Freud, S., Civilization and Its Discontents. Standard Edition. 21:pp.64–148. London: Hogarth Press, 1953.Google Scholar
  7. Kakar, S., The Inner World: A Psychoanalytic Study of Childhood and Society in India. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  8. Kakar, S., Intimate Relations: Exploring Indian Sexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.Google Scholar
  9. Kakar, S., The Analyst and the Mystic: Psychoanalytic Reflections on Religion and Mysticism. New Delhi: Viking-Penguin, India, 1991.Google Scholar
  10. Kripal, J.J., Kali's Child: The Mystical and the Erotic in the Life and Teachings of Ramakrishna. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  11. Masson, J., The Oceanic Feeling: The Origins of Religious Sentiment in Ancient India. Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel, 1980.Google Scholar
  12. Roland, A., In Search of Self in India and Japan: Toward a Cross-Cultural Psychology. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988.Google Scholar
  13. Roland, A., Cultural Pluralism and Psychoanalysis: The Asian and North American Experience. New York: Routledge, 1996.Google Scholar
  14. Rubin, J., Psychotherapy and Buddhism: Toward an Integration. New York: Plenum Press, 1996.Google Scholar
  15. Suler, J., Contemporary Psychoanalysis and Eastern Thought. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1993.Google Scholar
  16. Swami Atmajnanananda, “Scandals, Cover-ups, and Other Imagined Occurrences in the Life of Ramakrishna: An Examination of Jeffrey Kripal's Kali's Child. Unpublished paper, 1997.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Blanton-Peale Institute 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan Roland

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations