Geotechnical & Geological Engineering

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 1–28 | Cite as

Triaxial behaviour of a cemented gravely sand, Tehran alluvium

  • E. Asghari
  • D. G. Toll
  • S. M. Haeri


Cemented coarse-grained alluvium is present in a vast area of Tehran city, Iran including its suburbs. This deposit consists of gravely sand to sandy gravel with some cobbles and is dominantly cemented by carbonaceous materials. In order to understand the mechanical behaviour of this soil, a series of triaxial compression tests were performed on uncemented, artificially cemented and destructured samples. Hydrated lime was used as the cementation agent for sample preparation to model the Tehran deposit. The tests were performed on cemented samples after an appropriate time for curing. The tests on cemented samples show that a shear zone appears as the shear stress approaches the peak shear strength. During shearing these samples undergo dilation at confining stress lower than 1000 kPa. However, the uncemented and destructured samples show contraction during shearing. Peak shear strength is followed by strain softening for all cemented samples. The shear strength increases with increasing cement content but the influence of the cementation decreases as the confining stress increases. With increasing cementation the stress-strain behaviour of samples tend towards the behaviour expected of high-density soils. Test results indicate that the failure envelope for cemented samples is curved and not linear.

cemented soil gravely sand lime shear strength Tehran alluvium 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Asghari
    • 1
  • D. G. Toll
    • 2
  • S. M. Haeri
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Engineering GeologyUniversity of Tarbiat ModarresTehranIran
  2. 2.School of EngineeringUniversity of DurhamDurham
  3. 3.Civil Engineering DepartmentSharif University of TechnologyTehranIran

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