Autonomic and Respiratory Measures in Children with Impaired Vision Following Yoga and Physical Activity Programs
- 83 Downloads
We conducted assessments of 28 children with impaired vision (VI group), with ages ranging from 12 to 17 years, and an equal number of age-matched, normal-sighted children (NS group). The VI group had significantly higher rates of breathing, heart rates, and diastolic blood pressure values compared to the NS group (Mann–Whitney U test). Twenty-four of the VI group formed pairs matched for age and degree of blindness, and we randomly assigned members of the pairs to two groups, viz., yoga and physical activity. Both groups spent an hour each day practicing yoga or working in the garden, depending on their group. After 3 weeks, the yoga group showed a significant decrease in breath rate (Wilcoxon paired signed ranks test). There was no change after the physical activity program. The results showed that children with visual impairment have higher physiological arousal than children with normal sight, with a marginal reduction in arousal following yoga.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bloch, S., Lemeignan, M., and Aquilera, T. N. (1991). Specific respiratory patterns distinguish among human basic emotions. Int. J. Psychosom. 11: 141–154.Google Scholar
- Hopkins, W. D., Gaeta, H., Thomas, A. C., and Hill, P. M. (1987). Physical fitness of blind and sighted children. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 56(1): 69–73.Google Scholar
- Nagendra, H. R. (1989). Yoga—Its Basis and Applications, Vol. I, Vivekananda Kendra Yoga Anusandhan Samasthan, Bangalore.Google Scholar
- Sheridan, M. D. (1969). Vision screening procedures for very young children or handicapped children. In Gardiner, P. A., MacKeith, M. A. C., and Smith, V. (eds.), Aspects of Developmental and Pediatric Ophthalmology. Clinics in Developmental Medicine, Heinemann Medical, London, pp. 39–40.Google Scholar
- Williams, J. G. P., and Sperryn, P. N. (1962). Sports Medicine, Edward Arnold, London.Google Scholar