Behavior of Warm-Core Rings in a Double-Gyre Wind-Driven Ocean Circulation Model
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Numerical experiments have been performed to understand the movement of warm-core rings in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Transition region, considering the double-gyre ocean circulation represented by a 2.5-layer primitive equation model. Rings, eddies, and frontal disturbances are simulated, and analytical descriptions of warm-core ring behavior are examined. Warm-core rings are usually generated at the south of the zero wind stress curl line (ZWCL), either off-shore or near-shore, and a near-shore ring gradually moves northward along the coast, supplied with energy from the sub-tropical front and other rings. When they approach the ZWCL, two different types of movements occur, which is affected by the intensity of the rings and controlled by the wind stresses. In case the ring intensity is strong, it moves northward along the coast against the subarctic western boundary current system and cold-core rings, whereas a moderate ring is advected by them to the northeastward. The advection process of moderate rings seems to be important for northeastward movement of the Kuroshio warm-core rings in the middle of the Oyashio current system. The mechanism of large-scale forcing dynamics influences the cross-shore location of rings and implications for the fishing ground formation of the Pacific saury are described.
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