Advertisement

Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 139–157 | Cite as

Double Your Trouble: Dual Arrest in Family Violence

  • Margaret E. Martin
Article

Abstract

When arrest is mandated for domestic violence crimes the arrest of two individuals, or dual arrest, often occurs. This study examines the characteristics of the crime and the people caught in dual arrests, with a special emphasis on the women arrested. The data were drawn from a population of 4138 disposed family violence cases in the criminal court, 448 of their arrest records, and 90 prosecutor files. Thirty three percent of the 448 cases disposed were dual arrests. Persons subject to dual arrest were primarily white, young, nonurban, unmarried employed persons. The incident was likely to involve alcohol or drug use and physical beating with hands or fists. Forty percent of the women arrested were previously victimized in a domestic violence incident. Findings suggest that dual arrests may reflect both the differential use of violence in domestic relations and the over enforcement of policy by some police departments.

dual arrest family violence 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Abel, E. M., and Suh, E. K. (1987). Use of police services by battered women. Social Work 32 (November–December): 526–528.Google Scholar
  2. Bell, D. J. (1986). “Domestic violence in small cities and towns: A pilot study.” J. Crime Just. 9: 163–181.Google Scholar
  3. Black, D. (1980). The Manners and Customs of the Police, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Brown, S. E. (1984). Police responses to wife beating: Neglect of a crime of violence. J. Crim. Just. 12: 277–288.Google Scholar
  5. Buel, S. (Spring, 1988). Mandatory arrest for domestic violence. Harvard Wom. Law J. 11: 213–226.Google Scholar
  6. Buzawa, E., and Austin, T. (May, 1993). Determining police response to domestic violence victims. Am. Behav. Scientist 36(5): 610–623.Google Scholar
  7. Buzawa, E. S., and Buzawa, C. G. (1990). Domestic Violence: The Criminal Justice Response, Sage, Beverly Hills.Google Scholar
  8. Buzawa, E. S., and Buzawa, C. G. (May, 1993). The impact of arrest on domestic violence. Am. Behav. Scientist 36(5): 558–574.Google Scholar
  9. Connecticut State Police. (1989). 1988 Annual Report Family Violence Arrests. Connecticut State Police, New Britain, CT.Google Scholar
  10. Dallas Police Department. (October 28 1987). “Roll call training bulletin.” Number 87-14.Google Scholar
  11. Davies, J., and Eppler-Epstein, S. (1989). A Guide to Connecticut's Family Violence Laws, The Connecticut Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Hartford, CT.Google Scholar
  12. Edwards, S. (1989). Policing ‘Domestic’ Violence, Sage, Newbury Park: CA.Google Scholar
  13. Epstein, S. (1987). The problem of dual arrest in family violence cases. Connecticut Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Hartford, CT.Google Scholar
  14. Forell, C. (1991). Stopping the violence: Mandatory arrest and police tort liability for failure to assist battered women. Berkeley Wom. Law J. 6: 215–221.Google Scholar
  15. Freize, I., and Browne, A. (1989). Violence in marriage. In Ohlin, L., and Tonry, M. (eds.), Family Violence, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  16. Frisch, L. A. (1992). Research that succeeds, policies that fail. J. Crim. Law Criminol. 83(1): 209–216.Google Scholar
  17. Martin, M. E. (1997). Mandatory arrest for domestic violence: The courts' response. Crim. Just. Rev. In Press.Google Scholar
  18. Ohlin, L., and Tonry, M. (eds.). (1989). Family Violence, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  19. Pagelow, M. (1981). Woman-Battering: Victims and Their Experiences, Sage, Newbury Park, CA.Google Scholar
  20. Sarri, R. (1986). Gender and race differences in criminal justice processing. Wom. Studies Int. Forum 9(1): 89–99.Google Scholar
  21. Schechter, S. (1982). Women and Male Violence, South End Press, Boston.Google Scholar
  22. Sherman, L., and Cohn, E. (January 1986). Police policy on domestic violence: A national survey. Crime Control Reports.Google Scholar
  23. Sherman, L. (1992). Policing Domestic Violence, The Free Press, New York.Google Scholar
  24. Sherman, L. (April 1984). The specific deterrent effects of arrest for domestic violence. Am. Sociol. Rev. 49: 262–272.Google Scholar
  25. Smith, D. A. (March 1987). Police response to interpersonal violence: Defining the parameters of legal control." Social Forces 65(3): 767–782.Google Scholar
  26. Stanko, E. (1988). Missing the mark? Policing battering." In Hammer, J., Stanko, E., and Radford, J. (eds.), Policing and Male Violence, Tavistock, London.Google Scholar
  27. Stark, E. (May, 1993). Mandatory arrest of batterers: A reply to the critics. Am. Behav. Scientist 36(5): 651–679.Google Scholar
  28. Stets, J., and Straus, M. (1989). The marriage license as a hitting license: A comparison of assaults in dating, cohabitating, and married couples. In Pirog-Good, M. A., and Stets, J. (eds.), Violence and Dating Relationships: Emerging Social Issues, Praeger, New York.Google Scholar
  29. Thurman v. City of Torrington, 595 F. Supp. 1521; Thurman v. City of Torrington, USDC. No. J-84-120, 25 June 1985.Google Scholar
  30. U.S. Department of Justice. (1984). Attorney General's Task Force on Family Violence: Final Report. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  31. Victim Services Agency. (1989). State legislation providing for law enforcement response to family violence. Response 12(3): 6–9.Google Scholar
  32. Visher, C. A. (February 1983). Gender, police arrest decisions, and notions of chivalry. Criminology 21(1): 5–28.Google Scholar
  33. Wolfe, N. (Winter 1979). Victim provocation: The battered wife and legal definition of self defense. Sociological Symp. 25: 98–118.Google Scholar
  34. Worden, R., and Pollitz, A. (1984). Police arrests in domestic disturbances: A further look. Law Soc. Rev. 18(1): 103–119.Google Scholar
  35. Yllo, K. (July 1981). Interpersonal violence among married and cohabitating couples. Fam. Relat. 30: 339–347.Google Scholar
  36. Zora, J. (1992). The criminal law of misdemeanor domestic violence 1970–1990. J. Crim. Law Criminol. 83(1): 46–72.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margaret E. Martin
    • 1
  1. 1.Eastern Connecticut State UniversityWillimantic

Personalised recommendations