Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 241–248 | Cite as

Self-Reported Delinquent Behavior and Psychosocial Functioning in Inner-City Teenagers: A Brief Report

  • Mark D. Weist
  • David A. Paskewitz
  • Chianti Y. Jackson
  • Deborah Jones


Evaluated psychosocial characteristics of inner-city ninth graders exceeding a cutoff for clinically significant delinquent behaviors (n = 27), as compared to youth whose self-reported delinquent behaviors fell below this cutoff (n = 136). Youth reporting high levels of delinquent behavior reported more life stress, depression and anxiety, lower self-concept, and less cohesive families than other students. Females reporting high levels of delinquent behavior were more likely to have poor classroom and school attendance than other females; this relationship did not hold for males.

Urban Youth Self-Report Delinquency Psychosocial School Attendance 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Greenwood PW: Substance abuse problems among high-risk youth and potential interventions. Crime & Delinq 38:444–458, 1992.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rhodes JE, Jason LA: A social stress model of substance abuse. J Cons Clin Psych 58:395–401, 1990.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Prothrow-Stith D: Deadly consequences: How violence is destroying our teenage population and a plan to begin solving the problem. New York: Harper Collins, 1991.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Durant RH, Pendergrast RA, Cadenhead C: Exposure to violence and victimization and fighting behavior by urban Black adolescents. J Adol Health 15:311–318, 1994.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Peeples F, Loeber R: Do individual factors and neighborhood context explain ethnic differences in juvenile delinquency? J Quant Criminol 10:141–157, 1994.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sampson RJ, Laub JH: Urban poverty and the family context of delinquency: A new look at structure and process in a classic study. Child Dev 65:523–54, 1994.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Borduin CM, Pruitt JA, Henggeler, SW: Family interactions in Black, lower-class families with delinquent and nondelinquent adolescent boys. J. Genetic Psych 147:333–342, 1996.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Elliot DS, Voss HL: Explaining delinquency and drug use. London: Sage Publications, 1985.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Achenbach TM: Manual for the Youth Self-Report and 1991 Profile. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry, 1991.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    McConaughy SH, Achenbach TM: Comorbidity of empirically based syndromes in matched general population and clinical samples. J Child Psych & Psychia 35:1141–1157, 1994.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Achenbach TM, Howell CT, McConaughy SH, et al: Six-year predictors of problems in a national sample of children and youth: I. Cross-informant syndromes. J Am Acad Child Adol Psychia 34:336–347, 1995.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Compas BE, Davis GE, Forsythe CJ, et al: Assessment of major and daily stressful events during adolescence: The Adolescent Perceived Events Scale. J Cons Clin Psych 55:534–541, 1987.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Reynolds, WM: Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale Professional Manual. New York: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc., 1987.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Reynolds CR, Richmond BO: “What I think and feel”: A revised measure of children's manifest anxiety. J Ab Child Psych 6:271–280, 1978.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Spielberger CD, Gonzalez HP, Taylor CJ, et al: Test Attitude Inventory Manual. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ollendick TH: Reliability and validity of the Revised Fear Survey Schedule for Children. Beh Res & Therapy 21:685–692, 1983.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Harter S: Manual for the Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents. Denver: University of Denver, 1988.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Olson D, Portner J, Bell R: FACES II. In D. Olson et al (Eds.), Family Inventories. St Paul: Family Social Science, 1982.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Pekarik EG, Prinz RJ, Liebert DE, et al: The Pupil Evaluation Inventory: A sociometric technique for assessing children's social behavior. J Ab Child Psych 4:83–97, 1976.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rutter, M: Psychosocial resilience and protective mechanisms. Am J Orthopsy 57:316–331, 1987.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Roff JD, Wirt RD: The specificity of childhood problem behavior for adolescent and young adult maladjustment. J Clin Psych 41:564–570, 1985.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    West DJ, Farrington, DP: The delinquent way of life. London: Heinemann Educational Books, 1977.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Giordano PC, Cernkovich SA: Friendships and delinquency. Am J Sociol 91: 1170–1202, 1986.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark D. Weist
    • 1
  • David A. Paskewitz
    • 2
  • Chianti Y. Jackson
    • 3
  • Deborah Jones
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimore
  2. 2.University of Maryland School of MedicineUSA
  3. 3.Towson State UniversityUSA
  4. 4.University of GeorgiaUSA

Personalised recommendations