Systemic Practice and Action Research

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 381–397 | Cite as

Wholeness: Dimensions of Power

  • William E. Smith


The development of a social systems model is traced from its beginnings in 1976. The initial concern was how to explain a dramatic increase in the performance of an organization. The conditions for this change could eventually be explained, and regularly reproduced, by employing the three relationships and phases of appreciation, influence, and control. The relationships can be used to develop power whose source is in purpose. Cases, procedures, and diagrams are reviewed that guide application of the model and point to its further elaboration.

power appreciation purpose social field development 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • William E. Smith

There are no affiliations available

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