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New Forests

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 41–48 | Cite as

Benefits and costs of intercropping reforestation in the Atlantic lowlands of Costa Rica.

  • Jeremy Haggar
  • Richard Rheingans
  • Pablo Arroyo
  • Bolivar Alvarado
Article

Abstract

Agroforestry options as a means of promoting reforestation were testedby establishing with 10 farmers simple comparisons between pure plantations andtimber trees with annual or perennial intercrops. Two year-old intercroppedtrees on-farm had 22–48% greater height and 24–38% greater diameterthan trees in pure plantations. The exception was Cordiaalliodora that did not respond significantly to intercropping withcassava (Manihot esculenta). Only intercrops with the mostvaluable crops on agricultural soils produced a return to labour above thedailywage rate. On non-agricultural soils, farmers only intercrop a small area oftheir plantations with subsistence crops to meet home consumption needs. In thecontext of Costa Rica intercropping appeared to have a limited potential tofinance the reforestation costs of farmers.

Agroforestry Cordia alliodora Economics Taungya Vochysia guatemalensis 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeremy Haggar
    • 1
  • Richard Rheingans
    • 2
  • Pablo Arroyo
    • 1
  • Bolivar Alvarado
    • 3
  1. 1.Organization for Tropical StudiesSan PedroCosta Rica
  2. 2.School of Forestry and Environmental StudiesYale UniversityConnecticutUSA
  3. 3.Centro Agrícola de SarapiquíSarapiquíCosta Rica

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