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Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 41–46 | Cite as

Involvement of YY1 and its correlation with c-myc in NDEA induced hepatocarcinogenesis, its prevention by d-limonene

  • Tithi Parija
  • Bibhu Ranjan Das
Article

Abstract

Anticarcinogenic activity of d-limonene has been well documented within last few years. We have also reported the anticarcinogenic activity of d-limonene in N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) induced hepatocarcinogenesis. The involvement of oncogenes which adds to the mechanisms of d-limonene mediated chemprevention were also suggested in the same model system. The overexpression of c-myc oncoprotein in different durations of NDEA induced hepatrocarcinogenesis is observed which is inhibited completely when d-limonene was treated prior to and along with NDEA. To work further in this direction, an attempt has been made here to know the role of YY1 (Yin Yang 1) transcription factor in N-nitrodiethylamine (NDEA) induced hepatocarcinogenesis and its chemoprevention by d-limonene. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay results have clearly indicated the binding of YY1 in control liver tissue. But this binding is blocked in 60 days and 150 days NDEA treated liver tumors. Thus, it is assumed that there is deregulation of YY1 transcription factor in NDEA induced hepatocarcinogenesis. A similar type of binding to that of control liver tissue has also observed when limonene was given prior to NDEA administration. Western blot analysis has shown inhibition of YY1 protein in NDEA induced liver tumor samples in comparison to normal and both NDEA and limonene treated samples. On the otherhand RT-PCR analysis does not indicate any correlation between YY1 mRNA level and inhibition of YY1 protein. However, along with our earlier information about c-myc with the present study, clearly indicated the involvement of YY1 in NDEA induced hepatocarcinogenesis and d-limonene mediated chemoprevention which might be regulated by c-myc oncoprotein.

c-myc d-limonene hepatrocarcinogenesis N-nitrosodithylamine (NDEA) YY1 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tithi Parija
    • 1
  • Bibhu Ranjan Das
    • 1
  1. 1.Molecular Oncology and Medical Biotechnology DivisionInstitute of Life Sciences, Nalco Square, ChandrasekharpurBhubaneswar -India

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