Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 435–441

Effect of the Calcium Sensitizer Levosimendan on the Performance of Ischaemic Myocardium in Anaesthetised Pigs

  • Peter Tassani
  • Hubert Schad
  • Werner Heimisch
  • Angelika Bernhard-Abt
  • Ursula Ettner
  • Nikolaus Mendler
  • Rüdiger Lange
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1022190503351

Cite this article as:
Tassani, P., Schad, H., Heimisch, W. et al. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther (2002) 16: 435. doi:10.1023/A:1022190503351

Abstract

The calcium sensitizer levosimendan (LEV) improves the function of stunned myocardium, cardiac performance in heart failure, and possibly the efficiency of myocardial work. The present experiments investigated the effect of LEV on myocardial contraction and metabolism of acutely ischaemic myocardium distal to a functionally effective coronary artery stenosis. Anaesthetised open chest pigs (n = 14) were instrumented to assess heart rate (HR), aortic pressure (AoP), cardiac output (CO), blood flow in the left descending (QLAD) and circumflex (QLCX) coronary artery, myocardial end-diastolic segment length and systolic shortening (edL, MSS by sonomicrometry) in the LAD- and LCX-territory. Systemic vascular resistance (SVR), and a myocardial power index (PowI) for the LAD- and LCX-region were calculated. Following obstruction of QLAD by an external snare proximal to the first diagonal branch LEV was given intravenously (10 + 20 + 30 μg/kg 15 min apart, n = 8) or the vehicle of LEV (n = 6). Following LEV haemodynamics and regional myocardial performance changed significantly: HR +22 min−1, AoP −6 mmHg, CO +17%, SVR −21%; intact myocardium: QLCX +15%, RLCX −24%, PowILCX + 39%; ischaemic myocardium: QLAD −7%, MSSLAD −42%, PowILAD −27%. The data confirm the pharmacological profile of LEV: positive chronotropy, positive inotropy, and vasodilatation. The pump function of acutely ischaemic myocardium worsened following LEV. The efficiency of myocardial performance did not improve. A beneficial effect of LEV on the function of ischaemic myocardium was possibly outmanoeuvred by the increase in heart rate.

calcium sensitizer levosimendan anaesthetised pigs ischaemic myocardium myocardial function 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Tassani
    • 1
  • Hubert Schad
    • 2
  • Werner Heimisch
    • 2
  • Angelika Bernhard-Abt
    • 2
  • Ursula Ettner
    • 2
  • Nikolaus Mendler
    • 2
  • Rüdiger Lange
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnaesthesiologyGerman Heart Centre MunichMünchenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Cardiovascular SurgeryGerman Heart Centre MunichMünchenGermany

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