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Development and Validation of the Homophobia Scale

  • Lester W. WrightJr.
  • Henry E. Adams
  • Jeffery Bernat
Article

Abstract

This study describes the development and validation of the Homophobia Scale. The scale was developed to assess the cognitive, affective, and behavioral components of homophobia. The participants (n=321 for the field trials and n=122 for test–retest reliability) were college students from a large Midwestern university. Results yielded a 25-item questionnaire consisting of three factors: a factor that assesses mainly negative cognitions regarding homosexuality, a factor that assess primarily negative affect and avoidance of homosexual individuals, and a factor that assesses negative affect and aggression toward homosexual individuals. Concurrent validity was established using The Index of Homophobia (Hudson & Ricketts, 1980). The phases of scale development and implications of the results are discussed.

homophobia homonegativism homosexual assessment 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lester W. WrightJr.
    • 1
    • 2
  • Henry E. Adams
    • 1
  • Jeffery Bernat
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GeorgiaAthens
  2. 2.Western Michigan UniversityKalamazoo

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