AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 213–227

Psychosocial Correlates of Health-Protective Sexual Communication with New Sexual Partners: The National AIDS Behavioral Survey

  • Ariane van der Straten
  • Joseph A. Catania
  • Lance Pollack
Article
  • 161 Downloads

Abstract

We examined health-protective sexual communication (HPSC) with new sexual partners, in a national sample of heterosexuals. Psychosocial factors associated with HPSC were examined with the AIDS Risk Reduction Model (ARRM). Higher HPSC was related to high self-efficacy with respect to sexual activity and to condom use, and to being sexually assertive. Greater comfort with condoms, experience with HIV-preventive behaviors, and commitment to use condoms were also associated with higher HPSC, indicating that there is a strong health component in safer sex talk. Significant interactions among gender, ethnicity, and psychosocial variables underscore the importance of the cultural context in shaping HIV-preventive behaviors. Prevention efforts should address general sexual self-efficacy and encourage HPSC by developing group-specific strategies, such as increasing condom self-efficacy for women, increasing sexual comfort for Latinas, as well as emphasizing the empowering and cooperative aspect of HPSC for all.

Heterosexuals sexual communication HIV risk new relationships 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ariane van der Straten
    • 1
    • 2
  • Joseph A. Catania
    • 3
    • 2
  • Lance Pollack
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaSan Francisco
  2. 2.Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS)San Francisco
  3. 3.Department of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan Francisco

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