Aquatic Ecology

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 13–22 | Cite as

The North-American amphipods, Melita nitida Smith, 1873 and Incisocalliope aestuarius (Watling and Maurer, 1973) (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Gammaridea), introduced to the Western Scheldt estuary (The Netherlands)

Article

Abstract

The American amphipod species Melita nitida andIncisocalliope aestuarius have been found in the WesternScheldt estuary (the Netherlands). This is the first record of these species inthe north-east Atlantic. Shipping is the most likely vector of introduction.Thedistribution of both species is investigated and compared with the distributionand the microhabitat of co-occurring amphipod species. Melitanitida is known from both the east and west coast of North Americaand I. aestuarius originates from the east coast of NorthAmerica. Until now neither has been reported from other parts of the world. Inthe Netherlands both species are restricted to the mesohaline part of theWestern Scheldt. Melita nitida occurs predominantly underPacific oysters at the underside of boulders, mainly sublittorally.Incisocalliope aestuarius is associated to hydrozoans.Bothmicrohabitats are hardly utilized by other amphipod species. Therefore, thetheory that the existence of many empty niches in north-western Europeanbrackish waters make this environment particularly susceptible to invasions ofalien species is corroborated. The application of hard substrates in a regionoriginally predominated by soft bottoms moreover facilitates the introductionofexotic species. The species community on hard substrates in the mesohaline partof the Western Scheldt contains a high proportion of introduced species:approximately one third of the macrofauna species is of allochthonous origin.

Amphipoda Estuary Hard substrates Incisocalliope aestuarius Introduction Melita nitida 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baeyens W.F.J., van Eck B., Lambert C., Wollast R. and Goeyens L. 1998. General description of the Scheldt estuary. Hydrobiologia 366: 1-14.Google Scholar
  2. Barnard J.L. and Karaman G.S. 1991. The Families and Genera of Marine Gammaridean Amphipoda (Except Marine Gammaroids). Part 2. Records Australian Museum 13: 419-866.Google Scholar
  3. Bousfield E.L. 1973. Shallow-water Gammaridean Amphipoda of New England. Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca & London.Google Scholar
  4. Bousfield E.L. and Hendrycks E.A. 1995. The amphipod family Pleustidae on the Pacific coast of North America. Part III. Subfamilies Parapleustinae, Dactylopleustinae, and Pleusirinae: systematics and distributional ecology. Amphipacifica 2: 65-133.Google Scholar
  5. Brummelhuis E.B.M., Craeymeersch J.A., Dimmers W., Markusse R. and Sistermans W. 1997. Het macrobenthos van de Westerschelde, de Oosterschelde, het Veerse Meer en het Grevelingenmeer in het voorjaar 1997. Report NIOO-CEMO. Rapportage Biologisch Monitoring Programma, Yerseke.Google Scholar
  6. Carlton J.T. 1985. Transoceanic and interoceanic dispersal of coastal marine organisms: the biology of ballast water. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 23: 313-371.Google Scholar
  7. Cattrijsse A., Mees J. and Hamerlynck O. 1993. The hyperbenthic Amphipoda and Isopoda of the Voordelta and theWesterschelde estuary. Cah. Biol. Mar. 34: 187-200.Google Scholar
  8. Chapman J.W. 1988. Invasions of the northeast Pacific by Asian and Atlantic Gammaridean Amphipod Crustaceans, including a new species of Corophium. J. Crust. Biol. 8: 364-382.Google Scholar
  9. Conlan K.E. 1994. Amphipod crustaceans and environmental disturbance: a review. J. Nat. Hist. 28: 519-554.Google Scholar
  10. Costello M.J. 1993. Biogeography of alien amphipods occurring in Ireland, and interactions with native species. Crustaceana 65: 287-299.Google Scholar
  11. Crawford G.I. 1937. A revision of the amphipod genus Corophium, with notes on the British species. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK 0: 589-630.Google Scholar
  12. den Hartog C. 1963. The amphipods of the Deltaic region of the rivers Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt in relation to the hydrography of the area. Part II. The Talitridae. Neth. J. Sea. Res. 2: 40-67.Google Scholar
  13. den Hartog C. 1964. The amphipods of the Deltaic region of the rivers Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt in relation to the hydrography of the area. Part III. The Gammaridae. Neth. J. Sea. Res. 2: 407-457.Google Scholar
  14. Faasse M.A. and van Moorsel G.W.N.M. 2000. New and lesserknown amphipods of hard substrates in the Delta area of The Netherlands (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Gammaridea). Nederlandse Faunistische Mededelingen 11: 19-44.Google Scholar
  15. Gollasch S. 1999. The Asian decapod Hemigrapsus penicillatus (de Haan, 1835) (Grapsidae, Decapoda) introduced in European waters: status quo and future perspective. Helgoländer Meeresunters 52: 359-366.Google Scholar
  16. Hamond R. 1965. On some amphipods from the coast of Norfolk. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK 45: 153-160.Google Scholar
  17. Hirayama A. 1988. Taxonomic studies on the shallow water gammaridean Amphipoda of West Kyushu, Japan. VIII. Pleustidae, Podoceridae, Priscomilitaridae, Stenothoidae, Synopiidae, and Urothoidae. Publ. Seto. Mar. Biol. Lab. 33: 39-77.Google Scholar
  18. Hummel H., Bogaards R.H. and Wolf L.de 1985. De verspreiding van Cirripedia, Mysidacea, Isopoda en Amphipoda in het Deltagebied voor de afsluitingen.,, Rapp. versl. DIHO nr. 1985-11.Google Scholar
  19. Hurley D.E. 1954. Studies on the New Zealand amphipodan fauna no. 9. The family Corophiidae, including a new species of Paracorophium. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 82: 431-460.Google Scholar
  20. Jarrett N.E. and Bousfield E.L. 1996. The Amphipod Superfamily Hadzioidea on the Pacific Coast of North America: Family Melitidae. Part I. The Melita Group: Systematics and Distributional Ecology. Amphipacifica 2: 3-74.Google Scholar
  21. Kim C.B., Kim W. and Kim H.S. 1992. Three species of the genus Melita from Korea (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Melitidae). Korean J. Syst. Zool. 3: 113-120.Google Scholar
  22. LeCroy S.E. 2000. An illustrated identification guide to the nearshore marine and estuarine gammaridean Amphipoda of Florida, Families Gammaridae, Hadziidae, Isaeidae, Melitidae and Oedicerotidae. Fla. Dept. Envir. Protection, Tallahassee, 1-195.Google Scholar
  23. Lincoln R.J. 1979. British marine Amphipoda: Gammaridea. British Museum (Natural History), London.Google Scholar
  24. Mills E.L. 1964. Noteworthy Amphipoda (Crustacea) in the collection of the Yale Peabody Museum. Postilla 79: 1-41.Google Scholar
  25. Palerud R. and Vader W. 1991. Marine Amphipoda Gammaridea in North-East Atlantic and Norwegian Arctic. Tromura, Naturvitenskap 68: 1-97.Google Scholar
  26. Pinkster S., Scheepmaker M., Platvoet D. and Broodbakker N. 1992. Drastic changes in the amphipod fauna (Crustacea) of Dutch inland waters during the last 25 years. Bijdr. Dierk. 61: 193-204.Google Scholar
  27. Sheridan P.F. 1979. Three new special [sic] of Melita (Crustacea: Amphipoda), with notes on the amphipod fauna of the Apalachicola Estuary of northwest Florida. Northeast Gulf Science 3: 60-73.Google Scholar
  28. Shoemaker C.R. 1935. A new species of amphipod of the genus Grandidierella and a new record for Melita nitida from Sinaloa, Mexico. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 25: 65-71.Google Scholar
  29. Smith P., Perrett J., Garwood P. and Moore P.G. 1999. Two additions to the UK marine fauna: Desdemona ornata Banse, 1957 (Polychaeta, Sabellidae) and Grandidierella japonica Stephensen, 1938 (Amphipoda, Gammaridea)., Newsletter Porcupine MNHS 2 (July 1999).Google Scholar
  30. Stephensen K. 1929. Amphipoda. Die Tierwelt der Nord-und Ostzee Xf. Grimpe & Wagler, Leipzig.Google Scholar
  31. Stock J.H. 1952. Some notes on the taxonomy, the distribution and the ecology of four species of the amphipod genus Corophium (Crustacea, Malacostraca). Beaufortia 21: 1-10.Google Scholar
  32. van Moorsel G.W.N.M. 2000. De sublitorale begroeiing van de geulwandverdediging bij Bath en in het Zuidergat in de Westerschelde in 1999. Bureau Waardenburg bv, Culemborg, report no. 99.59, 40 pp., tables, figs., append.Google Scholar
  33. van Moorsel G.W.N.M. and Waardenburg H.W. 1999a. De sublitorale begroeiing van de geulwandverdediging bij Bath in de Westerschelde in 1998. Bureau Waardenburg bv, Culemborg, report no. 99.02, 40 pp., tables, fig., append.Google Scholar
  34. van Moorsel G.W.N.M. and Waardenburg H.W. 1999b. Biomonitoring van levensgemeenschappen op sublitorale harde substraten in Grevelingenmeer, Oosterschelde, Veerse Meer en Westerschelde. Resultaten t/m 1998. Bureau Waardenburg bv, Culemborg, report no. 99.011, 44 pp., tables, fig., append.Google Scholar
  35. Watling L. and Maurer D. 1973. A new euryhaline species of Parapleustes (Amphipoda) from the east coast of North America. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 86: 1-8.Google Scholar
  36. Wolff W.J. 1973. The estuary as a habitat. Zool. Verh. Leiden 126: 1-242.Google Scholar
  37. Wolff W.J. 1999. Exotic invaders of the meso-oligohaline zone of estuaries in the Netherlands: why are there so many? Helgoländer Meeresunters 52: 393-400.Google Scholar
  38. Yamato S. 1988. Two species of the genus Melita (Crustacea: Amphipoda) from brackish waters in Japan. Publ. Seto. Mar. Biol. Lab. 33: 79-95.Google Scholar
  39. Ysebaert T., De Neve L. and Meire P. 2000. The subtidal macrobenthos in the mesohaline part of the Schelde estuary (Belgium): influenced by man? J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK 80: 587-597.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Schorerstraat 14ArnemuidenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.ecosubDoornThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations