Psychiatric Quarterly

, Volume 70, Issue 4, pp 313–331

Body Dysmorphic Disorder and Depression: Theoretical Considerations and Treatment Strategies

  • Katharine A. Phillips
Article

Abstract

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), also known as dysmorphophobia, consists of a distressing and impairing preoccupation with an imagined or slight defect in appearance. BDD is an underrecognized and relatively common disorder that is associated with high rates of occupational and social impairment, hospitalization, and suicide attempts. BDD is unlikely to simply be a symptom of depression, although it often coexists with depression and may be related to depression. It is important to recognize BDD in depressed patients, because missing the diagnosis can result in refractory BDD and depressive symptoms. Available data indicate that BDD may not respond to all treatments for depression and may instead respond preferentially to serotonin-reuptake inhibitors. In addition, lengthier treatment trials than those required for depression may be needed to successfully treat BDD and comorbid depression. It can be difficult and challenging to diagnose BDD in depressed patients because the symptoms are often concealed due to embarrassment and shame. This paper discusses the relationship between BDD and depression and discusses practical strategies for recognizing and treating BDD and depressive symptoms in patients with depression.

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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katharine A. Phillips
    • 1
  1. 1.Associate Medical Director of Ambulatory Services, Butler Hospital, and Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Human BehaviorBrown University School of MedicineProvidence

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