Advertisement

Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 193–204 | Cite as

Perpetrator Personality Effects on Post-Separation Victim Reactions in Abusive Relationships

  • Donald G. Dutton
  • Michelle Haring
Article

Abstract

Previous research has examined the influence of the abusive personality (Dutton, 1994a,b) on relationship dynamics. Men with high scores of abusive personality (borderline personality organization, anger and MCMI8: Negativity) generate more frequent and extreme forms of physical and emotional abuse in intimate relationships. Other lines of research have examined the role of these relationship features in influencing post-separation adjustment in women. The current study combines two data sets; one bearing on the first of these issues, the other on the second issue, in order to connect characteristics of the perpetrator's personality to post separation aspects of victim reaction. Substantial associations are found between abusive personality and relationship dynamics and between the latter and persistent attachment, trauma symptoms, and lowered self esteem in battered women.

abusive personality battered women domestic violence 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Briere, J. (1992). Methodological issues in the study of sexual abuse effects: Special selection: Adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 60: 196–203.Google Scholar
  2. Briere, J., and Runtz, M. (1989). The trauma symptom checklist (TSC-33): Early data on a new scale. J. Interpers. Viol. 4: 151–162.Google Scholar
  3. Crowne, D. P., and Marlowe, D. A. (1960). A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology. J. Consult. Psychol. 24: 349–354.Google Scholar
  4. Douglas, M. A. (1987). The Battered Woman Syndrome. In Sonkin, D. J. (ed.), Domestic Violence on Trial: Psychological Dimensions of Family Violence, New York, pp. 39–54.Google Scholar
  5. Dutton, D. G. (1994a). Behavioral and affective correlates of Borderline Personality Organization in wife assaulters. Int. J Law Psychiatry 17: 265–277.Google Scholar
  6. Dutton, D. G. (1994b). The origin and structure of the abusive personality. J. Personal. Dis. 8: 181–191.Google Scholar
  7. Dutton, D. G., and Hemphill, K. J. (1992). Patterns of socially desirable responding among perpetrators and victims of wife assault. Viol. Vict. 7: 29–39.Google Scholar
  8. Dutton, D. G., and Painter, S. L. (1981). Traumatic bonding: The development of emotional bonds in relationships of intermittent abuse. Victimol. Int. J. 6: 139–155.Google Scholar
  9. Dutton, D. G., and Painter, S. (1993a). Emotional Attachments in abusive relationships: A test of traumatic bonding theory. Viol Vict. 8: 105–120.Google Scholar
  10. Dutton, D. G., and Painter, S. (1993b). The Battered Woman Syndrome: Effects of severity and intermittency of abuse. Am. J. Orthopsychiatry 63: 614–622.Google Scholar
  11. Dutton, D. G., Saunders, K., Starzomski, A., and Bartholomew, K. (1994). Intimacy-anger and insecure attachment as precursors of abuse in intimate relationships. J. Appl. Social Psychol. 24: 1367–1386.Google Scholar
  12. Dutton, D. G., and Starzomski, A. (1993). Borderline personality in perpetrators of psychological and physical abuse. Viol. Vict. 8: 327–337.Google Scholar
  13. Dutton, D. G., and Starzomski, A. (1994). Psychological differences in court-referred and self-referred wife assaulters. Criminal Just. Behav. 21: 203–222.Google Scholar
  14. Gunderson, J. G. (1984). Borderline Personality Disorder American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  15. Hart, S. D., Dutton, D. G., and Newlove, T. (1993). The prevalence of personality disorder among wife assaulters. J. Personal. Dis. 7: 329–341.Google Scholar
  16. Kernberg, O. (1977). The structural diagnosis of Borderline Personality Organization. In Hartocollis, P. (ed.), Borderline Personality Disorders: The Concept, the Symptom, the Patient International Universities Press, pp. 87–121.Google Scholar
  17. Kitson, G. C. (1982, May). Attachment to the spouse in divorce: A scale and its application. J. Marr Fam. 44: 379–393.Google Scholar
  18. Landolt, M. A., and Dutton, D. G. (1997). Power and personality: An analysis of gay male intimate abuse. Sex Roles 37: 335–358.Google Scholar
  19. Millon, T. (1987). Manual for the Millon for the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-II National computer Systems, Minneapolis, MN.Google Scholar
  20. NiCarthy, G. (1982). Getting Free: A Handbook for Women in Abusive Relationships Seal Press, Seattle, Washington.Google Scholar
  21. Oldham, J., Clarkin, J., Appelbaum, A., Carr, A., Kernber, P., Lotterman, A., and Haas, G. (1985). A self-report instrument for Borderline Personality Organization, In McGlashan, T. H. (ed.), The Borderline: Current Empirical Research (Progress in Psychiatry Series), American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC, pp. 1–18.Google Scholar
  22. Paulhus, D. L. (1984). Two-component models of socially desirable responding. J. Personal. Social Psychol. 46: 598–609.Google Scholar
  23. Paulhus, D. L. (1986). Self-deception and impression management in test responses. In Angleitner, A., and Wiggins, J. S. (eds.), Personality Assessment via Questionnaire, Springer, New York, pp. 142–165.Google Scholar
  24. Robinson, J. P., Shaver, P. R., and Wrightsman, L. S. (1991). Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Attitudes Academic Press, San Diego.Google Scholar
  25. Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the Adolescent Self-image Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.Google Scholar
  26. Siegel, J. M. (1986). The multidimensional anger inventory. J. Personal. Social Psychol. 51: 191–200.Google Scholar
  27. Straus, M. A. (1979). Measuring family conflict and violence: The conflict tactics scale. J. Marr. Fam. 41: 75–88.Google Scholar
  28. Straus, M. A., Gelles, R. J., and Steinmetz, S. (1980). Behind Closed Doors: Violence in the American Family Anchor Press/Doubleday, Garden City, NY.Google Scholar
  29. Tolman, R. M. (1989). The development of a measure of psychological maltreatment of Women by their male partners. Viol. Vict. 4: 159–177.Google Scholar
  30. Walker, L. E. (1979). The Battered Woman Harper & Row, New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald G. Dutton
    • 1
  • Michelle Haring
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

Personalised recommendations