Wetlands Ecology and Management

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 109–119

Peatland restoration: A brief assessment with special reference to Sphagnum bogs

  • Eville Gorham
  • Line Rochefort

DOI: 10.1023/A:1022065723511

Cite this article as:
Gorham, E. & Rochefort, L. Wetlands Ecology and Management (2003) 11: 109. doi:10.1023/A:1022065723511


Recent literature on peatland restorationindicates as a general goal repairing orrebuilding ecosystems by restoringecosystem structure, trophic organization,biodiversity, and functions to thosecharacteristic of the type of peatland towhich the damaged ecosystem belonged, or atleast to an earlier successional stage.Attainment requires provision of anappropriate hydrological regime,manipulating surface topography, improvingmicroclimate, adding appropriate diaspores,manipulating base status where necessary,fertilizing in some cases, excludinginappropriate invaders, adaptively managingthrough at least one flood/drought cycle toensure sustainability, and monitoring on ascale of decades. Several matchingconditions favoring or opposing restorationare suggested.In the restoration of peatlands, successeshave generally been those of short-termrepair. Periods of restoration have beenmuch too short to ensure progression to, oreven well toward, a fully functionalpeatland reasonably compatible with thepristine state of similar peatlandselsewhere, although with altered surfacepatterns.Long-term monitoring ofpeatland-restoration projects is essentialfor a better understanding of how to carryout such restoration successfully.Paleoecology is suggested as anunderutilized tool in peatlandrestoration.

bog fen mire paleoecology peatland restoration Sphagnum 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eville Gorham
    • 1
  • Line Rochefort
  1. 1.Department of Ecology, Evolution and BehaviorUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulU.S.A.

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