Human Ecology

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 3–27 | Cite as

The Politics of Managing the Maine Lobster Industry: 1860 to the Present

  • James M. Acheson


Marine fisheries are in a state of crisis. One of the few successfully managed fisheries is the Maine lobster industry where catches are at an all time high. An important factor in this success is the effectiveness of regulations which were developed during three periods over the course of the past 125 years. In all cases, the regulations are the result of heavy lobbying activity by various factions in the industry. Both strong commercial rivalry and genuine concern for the well-being of the lobster resource played a role in generating these regulations. However, history did not repeat itself. In each period, the players, circumstances, and goals were very different. The result, however, is a set of effective regulations which are largely self-enforcing.

fisheries lobster resource management Maine history co-management fisheries history 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • James M. Acheson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of MaineOrono

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