Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 373–392 | Cite as

The Relationship between Temperament and Life Satisfaction in Early Adolescence: Cognitive and Behavioral Mediation Models

  • Livy M. Fogle
  • E. Scott HuebnerEmail author
  • James E. Laughlin


This study investigated the interrelationships among temperament, social self-efficacy, social competence, and life satisfaction in a sample of 160 early adolescents. A model was proposed based on previous research by Argyle and Lu (1990, Personality and Individual Differences 11, pp. 1255–1261) in which social competence mediates the relationship between temperament (i.e. extraversion and neuroticism) and life satisfaction. However, this study extended the work of Argyle and Lu by including an objective measure of social competence, in addition to a measure of social self-efficacy, to test as a potential mediator between temperament and life satisfaction. Results indicated that social self-efficacy mediated the relationship between extraversion and life satisfaction, but not between neuroticism and life satisfaction. Teacher-rated social competence did not mediate the effects of temperament on life satisfaction. The importance of integrating theories of trait psychology and cognitive psychology in adolescent life satisfaction research is discussed.

life satisfaction temperament social self-efficacy subjective well-being adolescence 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Livy M. Fogle
    • 1
  • E. Scott Huebner
    • 1
    Email author
  • James E. Laughlin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA

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