Behavioral Family Interventions for Improving Child-rearing: A Review of the Literature for Clinicians and Policy Makers

  • Ted K. Taylor
  • Anthony Biglan


This paper reviews evidence that behavioral family interventions are effective at improving child-rearing in distressed families and families with children exhibiting disruptive behavior. Essential therapeutic strategies offered within a collaborative therapeutic process are identified. Exemplary materials for parents and clinicians are identified. Differences between behavioral family interventions and two popular press parenting approaches are highlighted, including the lack of empirical support for these widely used programs and the advice they offer which runs counter to behavioral approaches. Recommendations are offered for combining behavioral family interventions with other empirically supported approaches, promoting more widespread use of empirically supported treatments, such as behavioral family interventions, and the need for a public health perspective on family functioning, involving collaboration among clinicians, policy makers, and researchers.

Behavioral social learning family children family interventions parent training conduct disorder conduct problems literature review treatment child abuse Attention Deficit Disorder 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alexander, J. F., Barton, C., Schiavo, R. S., & Parsons, B. V. (1976). Systems-behavioral intervention with families of delinquents: Therapist characteristics, family behavior, and outcome. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 44, 656–664.Google Scholar
  2. Alexander, J. F., & Parsons, B. V. (1973). Short-term behavioral intervention with delinquent families: Impact on family process and recidivism. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 81, 219–225.Google Scholar
  3. Anchor, K. N., & Thomason, T. C. (1977). A comparison of two parent-training models with educated parents. Journal of Community Psychology, 5, 134–141.Google Scholar
  4. Arnold, D. H., Lonigan, C. J., Whitehurst, G. J., & Epstein, J. N. (1994). Accelerating language development through picture book reading: Replication and extension to a videotape training format. Journal of Educational Psychology, 86, 235–243.Google Scholar
  5. Bank, L., Marlowe, J. H., Reid, J. B., Patterson, G. R., & Weinrott, M. R. (1991). A comparative evaluation of parent-training interventions for families of chronic delinquents. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 19, 15–33.Google Scholar
  6. Barber, J. G., Bradshaw, R., & Walsh, C. (1989). Reducing alcohol consumption through television advertising. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 613–618.Google Scholar
  7. Barrett, P. M., Dadds, M. R., & Rapee, R. M. (1996). Family treatment of childhood anxiety: A controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 333–342.Google Scholar
  8. Beames, L., Sanders, M. R., & Bor, W. (1992). The role of parent training in the cognitive behavioral treatment of children's headaches. Behavioural Psychotherapy, 20, 297–317.Google Scholar
  9. Becker, J. V., Alpert, J. L., BigFoot, D. S., Bonner, B. L., Geddie, L. F., Henggeler, S., Kaufman, K. L., & Walker, C. E. (1995). Empirical research on child abuse treatment: Report by the child abuse and neglect treatment working group, American Psychological Association. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 24(Suppl.), 23–46.Google Scholar
  10. Bernal, M. E., Klinnert, M. D., & Schultz, L. A. (1980). Outcome evaluation of behavioral parent training and client-centered counseling for children with conduct problems. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 13, 677–691.Google Scholar
  11. Biglan, A. (1995). Changing cultural practices: A contextualist framework for intervention research. Reno, NV: Context.Google Scholar
  12. Biglan, A., Glasgow, R. E., & Singer, G. (1990). The need for a science of larger social units: A contextual approach. Behavior Therapy, 21, 195–215.Google Scholar
  13. Biglan, A., Metzler, C. W., Fowler, R. C., Gunn, B., Taylor, T. K., Rusbie, J., & Irvine, B. (1997). Improving childrearing in America's communities. In P. A. Lamal (Ed.), Cultural contingencies: Behavioral analytic perspectives on cultural practices (pp. 185–213). Westport, CT: Praeger.Google Scholar
  14. Brunk, J. M., Henggeler, S. W., & Whelan, J. P. (1987). Comparison of multisystemic therapy and parent training in the brief treatment of child abuse and neglect. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 171–178.Google Scholar
  15. Chamberlain, P. (1994). Family connections: A treatment foster care model for adolescents with delinquency. Eugene: Castalia.Google Scholar
  16. Christiansen, A. P., & Sanders, M. R. (1987). Habit reversal and differential reinforcement of other behavior in the treatment of thumbsucking: An analysis of generalization and side-effects. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 28, 281–295.Google Scholar
  17. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  18. Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group (1992). A developmental and clinical model for the prevention of conduct disorder: The FAST Tract Program. Development and Psychopathology, 4, 509–527.Google Scholar
  19. Cunningham, C. E., Bremner, R., & Boyle, M. (1995). Large group community-based parenting programs for families of preschoolers at risk for disruptive behaviour disorders: Utilization, cost effectiveness, and outcome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36, 1141–1159.Google Scholar
  20. Cunningham, C. E., Davis, J. R., Bremner, R., & Dunn, K. W. (1993). Coping modeling problem solving versus mastery modeling: Effects on adherence, in-session process, and skill acquisition in a residential parent-training program. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61, 871–877.Google Scholar
  21. Dadds, M. R. (1995). Families, children, and the development of dysfunction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  22. Dadds, M. R., Schwartz, S., & Sanders, M. R. (1987). Marital discord and treatment outcome in behavioral treatment of child conduct disorders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 396–403.Google Scholar
  23. Dembo, M. H., Sweitzer, M., & Lauritzen, P. (1985). An evaluation of group parent education: Behavioral, PET, and Adlerian programs. Review of Educational Research, 55(2), 155–200.Google Scholar
  24. Dinkmeyer, D., & McKay, G. (1976). Systematic training for effective parenting. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.Google Scholar
  25. Dishion, T. J., & Andrews, D. W. (1995). Preventing escalation in problem behaviors with high-risk young adolescents: Immediate and 1-year outcomes. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 538–548.Google Scholar
  26. Dishion, T., & Patterson, G. R. (1992). Age effects in parent training outcome. Behavior Therapy, 23, 719–729.Google Scholar
  27. Dubey, D. R., O'Leary, S. G., & Kauffman, K. F. (1983). Training parents of hyperactive children in child management: A comparative outcome study. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 11, 229–246.Google Scholar
  28. Dumas, J., & Wahler, R. (1983). Predictors of treatment outcome in parent training: Mother insularity and socio-economic disadvantage. Behavioral Assessment, 5, 301–313.Google Scholar
  29. Egan, K. J. (1983). Stress management and child management with abusive parents. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 12, 292–299.Google Scholar
  30. Emery, R. E. (1982). Interparental conflict and the children of discord and divorce. Psychological Bulletin, 92, 310–330.Google Scholar
  31. Flay, B. R., Hansen, W. B., Johnson, C. A., Collins, L. M., Dent, C. W., Dwyer, K. M., Grossman, L., Hockstein, G., Rauch, J., Sobel, J. L., Sobol, D. F., Sussman, S., & Ulene, A. (1987). Implementation effectiveness trial of a social influences smoking prevention program using schools and television. Health Education Research, 2, 385–400.Google Scholar
  32. Forehand, R., Furey, W. M., & McMahon, R. J. (1984). The role of maternal distress in a parent training program to modify child non-compliance. Behavioural Psychotherapy, 12, 93–108.Google Scholar
  33. Forehand, R., Middlebrook, J., Rogers, T., & Steffe, M. (1983). Dropping out of parent training. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 21, 663–668.Google Scholar
  34. Forehand, R. L., & Long, N. (1996). Parenting the strong-willed child: The clinically proven five-week program for parents of two-to-six year-olds. Chicago: Contemporary Books.Google Scholar
  35. Forgatch, M., & Northwest Family & School Consultants, I. (1991). Study skills for success. Eugene, OR: Castalia.Google Scholar
  36. Forgatch, M. S., & Patterson, G. R. (1989). Parents and adolescents living together, Part 2: Family problem solving. Eugene, OR: Castalia.Google Scholar
  37. Foster, S. L., Prinz, R. J., & O'Leary, D. K. (1983). Impact of problem-solving communication training and generalization procedures on family conflict. Child and Family Behaviour Therapy, 5, 1–23.Google Scholar
  38. Frankel, F., & Simmons, J. Q. (1992). Parent behavioral training: Why and when some parents drop out. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 21, 322–330.Google Scholar
  39. Furey, W. M., & Basili, L. A. (1988). Predicting consumer satisfaction in parent training for noncompliant children. Behavior Therapy, 19, 555–564.Google Scholar
  40. Glogower, F., & Sloop, E. W. (1976). Two strategies of group training of parents as effective behavior modifiers. Behavior Therapy, 7, 177–184.Google Scholar
  41. Gordon, T. (1970). Parent Effectiveness Training: The tested new way to raise responsible children. New York: Plume.Google Scholar
  42. Graves, T., Meyers, A. W., & Clark, L. (1988). An evaluation of parental problem solving training in the behavioral treatment of childhood obesity. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 246–250.Google Scholar
  43. Greenwood, P. W., Model, K. E., Rydell, C. P., & Chiesa, J. (1996). Diverting children from a life of crime. Measuring costs and benefits. Santa Monica, CA: Rand.Google Scholar
  44. Griest, D. L., Forehand, R., Rogers, T., Breiner, J., Furey, W., & Williams, C. A. (1982). Effects of parent enhancement therapy on the treatment outcome and generalization of a parent training program. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 20, 429–436.Google Scholar
  45. Grych, J. H., & Fincham, F. D. (1990). Marital conflict and children's adjustment: A cognitive-contextual framework. Psychological Bulletin, 108, 267–290.Google Scholar
  46. Harrold, M., Lutzker, J. R., Campbell, R. V., & Touchette, P. E. (1992). Improving parent-child interactions for families with developmental disabilities. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 23, 89–100.Google Scholar
  47. Hawkins, J. D., & Catalano, R. F. (1992). Communities that care: Action for drug abuse prevention. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  48. Hawkins, R. P., Gustafson, D. H., Chewning, B., Bosworth, K., & Day, P. M. (1987). Reaching hard-to-reach populations: Interactive computer programs as public information campaigns for adolescents. Journal of Communication, 37(2), 8–28.Google Scholar
  49. Hayes, S. C., Follette, V. M., Dawes, R. M., & Grady, K. E. (1995). Scientific standards of psychological practice: Issues and recommendations. Reno, NV: Context.Google Scholar
  50. Henggeler, S. W., & Borduin, C. M. (1990). An introduction to the multisystemic approach. In Family therapy and beyond. A multisystemic approach to treating the behavior problems of children and adolescents (pp. 1–32). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
  51. Hobbs, S. A., Walle, D. L., & Hammersly, G. A. (1990). The relationship between child behavior and acceptability of contingency management procedures. Child and Family Behavior Therapy, 12, 95–102.Google Scholar
  52. Kazdin, A. E. (1995). Conduct disorders in childhood and adolescence (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  53. Kazdin, A. E., Esveldt-Dawson, K., French, N. H., & Unis, A. S. (1987). Effects of parent management training and problem-solving skills training combined in the treatment of antisocial child behavior. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 26, 416–424.Google Scholar
  54. Kazdin, A. E., Siegel, T. C., & Bass, D. (1992). Cognitive problem-solving skills training and parent managment training in the treatment of antisocial behavior in children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 733–747.Google Scholar
  55. Kelly, J. G. (1988). A guide to conducting prevention research in the community: First steps. New York: Haworth.Google Scholar
  56. Klein, N. C., Alexander, J. F., & Parsons, B. V. (1977). Impact of family systems intervention on recidivism and sibling delinquency: A model of primary prevention and program evaluation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 45, 469–474.Google Scholar
  57. Knapp, P. A., & Deluty, R. H. (1989). Relative effectiveness of two behavioral parent training programs. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 18, 314–322.Google Scholar
  58. Lawton, J. M., & Sanders, M. R. (1994). Designing effective behavioral family interventions for stepfamilies. Clinical Psychology Review, 14, 463–496.Google Scholar
  59. Long, P., Forehand, R., Wierson, M., & Morgan, A. (1994). Does parent training with young noncompliant children have long-term effects? Behaviour Research and Therapy, 32, 101–107.Google Scholar
  60. Maguin, E., Zucker, R. A., & Fitzgerald, H. E. (1994). The path to alcohol problems through conduct problems: A family-based approach to very early intervention with risk. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 4(2), 249–269.Google Scholar
  61. McKay, G. D., & Hillman, B. W. (1979). An Adlerian multimedia approach to parent education. Elementary School Guidance & Counseling, 14, 28–35.Google Scholar
  62. McMahon, R., Forehand, R., & Griest, D. (1981). Effects of knowledge of social learning principles on enhancing treatment outcome and generalization in a parent training program. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 49, 526–532.Google Scholar
  63. McNeil, C. B., Eyberg, S., Eisenstadt, T. H., Newcomb, K., & Funderburk, B. (1991). Parent-child interaction therapy with behavior problem children: Generalization of treatment effects to the school setting. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 20, 140–151.Google Scholar
  64. Nystul, M. S. (1982). The effects of Systematic Training for Effective Parenting on parental attitudes. Journal of Psychology, 112, 63–66.Google Scholar
  65. Olweus, D. (1992). Bullying among schoolchildren: Intervention and prevention. In R. D. Peters, R. J. McMahon, & V. L. Quinsey (Eds.), Aggression and violence throughout the life span. (pp. 100–125). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  66. Patterson, G. (1982). Coercive family process. Eugene, OR: Castalia.Google Scholar
  67. Patterson, G. R. (1974). Retraining of aggressive boys by their parents: Review of recent literature and follow-up evaluation. Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal, 19, 142–158.Google Scholar
  68. Patterson, G. R., & Chamberlain, P. (1994). A functional analysis of resistance during parent training therapy. Journal of Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 1(1), 53–70.Google Scholar
  69. Patterson, G. R., Chamberlain, P., & Reid, J. B. (1982). A comparative evaluation of a parent-training program. Behavior Therapy, 13, 638–650.Google Scholar
  70. Patterson, G. R., & Forgatch, M. S. (1985). Therapist behavior as a determinant for client noncompliance: A paradox for the behavior modifier. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53, 846–851.Google Scholar
  71. Patterson, G. R., & Forgatch, M. S. (1987). Parents and adolescents living together. Part I, The basics. Eugene, OR: Castalia.Google Scholar
  72. Patterson, G. R., & Narrett, C. M. (1990). The development of a reliable and valid treatment program for aggressive young children. International Journal of Mental Health, 19, 19–26.Google Scholar
  73. Patterson, G. R., Reid, J. B., & Dishion, T. J. (1992). Antisocial boys: A social interactional approach (Vol. 4). Eugene, OR: Castalia.Google Scholar
  74. Patterson, G. R., Weiss, R. L., & Hops, H. (1976). Training of marital skills: Some problems and concepts. In H. Leitenberg (Ed.), Handbook of behavior modification and behavior therapy (pp. 242–254). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  75. Peed, S., Roberts, M., & Forehand, R. (1977). Evaluation of the effectiveness of a standardized parent training program in altering the interaction of mothers and their noncompliant children. Behavior Modification, 1, 323–349.Google Scholar
  76. Pfiffner, L. J., Jouriles, E. N., Brown, M. M., Etscheidt, M. A., & Kelly, J. A. (1990). Effects of problem-solving therapy on outcomes of parent training for single-parent families. Child and Family Behavior Therapy, 12, 1–11.Google Scholar
  77. Pisterman, S., McGrath, P., Firestone, P., Goodman, J. T., Webster, I., & Mallory, R. (1989). Outcome of parent-mediated treatment of preschoolers with attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 628–635.Google Scholar
  78. Prinz, R. J., & Miller, G. E. (1994). Family-based treatment for childhood antisocial behavior: Experimental influences on dropout and engagement. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 645–650.Google Scholar
  79. Reid, J. B. (1991). Involving parents in the prevention of conduct disorders: Rationale, problems, and tactics. Community Psychologist, 27, 28–30.Google Scholar
  80. Reid, J. B. (1993). Prevention of conduct disorder before and after school entry: Relating interventions to developmental findings. Development and Psychopathology, 5, 243–262.Google Scholar
  81. Reid, J. B., Taplin, P. S., & Lorber, R. (1981). A social interactional approach to the treatment of abusive families. In R. Stuart (Ed.), Social learning approaches to prediction, management, and treatment. New York: Brunner/Mazel.Google Scholar
  82. Rinn, R. C., & Markle, A. (1977). Parent effectiveness training: A review. Psychological Reports, 41, 95–109.Google Scholar
  83. Robin, A. L. (1981). A controlled evaluation of problem-solving communication training with parent-adolescent conflict. Behavior Therapy, 12, 593–609.Google Scholar
  84. Rogers, E. M. (1995). Diffusion of innovations (4th ed.). New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  85. Sanders, M. R. (1992). Every parent: A positive guide to children's behavior. Sydney: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  86. Sanders, M. R. (1996). New directions in behavioral family intervention with children. Advances in Clinical Child Psychology, 18, 284–330.Google Scholar
  87. Sanders, M. R., & Dadds, M. R. (1993). Behavioral family intervention. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
  88. Sanders, M. R., & Lawton, J. M. (1993). Discussing assessment findings with families: A guided participation model for information transfer. Child and Family Behavior Therapy, 15, 5–35.Google Scholar
  89. Sanders, M. R., Shepherd, R. W., Cleghorn, G., & Woolford, H. (1994). The treatment of recurrent abdominal pain in children: A controlled comparison of cognitive-behavioral family intervention and standard pediatric care. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 306–314.Google Scholar
  90. Sayger, T. V., Horne, A. M., & Glaser, B. A. (1993). Marital satisfaction and social learning family therapy for child conduct problems: Generalization of treatment effects. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 19, 393–402.Google Scholar
  91. Schorr, L. B., & Schorr, D. (1988). Within our reach: Breaking the cycle of disadvantage. New York: Anchor/Doubleday.Google Scholar
  92. Schreibman, L., Kaneko, W. M., & Koegel, R. L. (1991). Positive affect of parents of autistic children: A comparison across two teaching techniques. Behavior Therapy, 22, 479–490.Google Scholar
  93. Serketich, W. J., & Dumas, J. E. (1996). The effectiveness of behavioral parent training to modify antisocial behavior in children: A meta-analysis. Behavior Therapy, 27, 171–186.Google Scholar
  94. Skinner, B. F. (1953). Science and human behavior. New York: MacMillan.Google Scholar
  95. Spoth, R., & Redmond, C. (1995). Parent motivation to enroll in parenting skills programs: A Model of Family Context and Health Belief Predictors. Journal of Family Psychology, 9, 294–310.Google Scholar
  96. Stark, L. J., Owens-Stively, J., Spirito, A., Lewis, A., & Guevremont, D. (1990). Group behavioral treatment of retentive encopresis. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 15, 659–671.Google Scholar
  97. Summerlin, M. L., & Ward, G. R. (1981). The effect of parent group participation on attitudes. Elementary School Guidance Counseling, 16, 133–136.Google Scholar
  98. Tremblay, R. E., McCord, J., Boileau, H., Charlebois, P., Gagnon, C., Le Blanc, M., & Larivée, S. (1991). Can disruptive boys be helped to become competent? Psychiatry, 54, 148–161.Google Scholar
  99. Tremblay, R. E., Vitaro, F., Bertrand, L., LeBlanc, M., Beauchesne, H., Boileau, H., & David, L. (1996). Parent and child training to prevent early onset of delinquency: The Montreal longitudinal-experimental study. In J. McCord & R. E. Tremblay (Eds.), Preventing Antisocial behavior Interventions from birth through adolescence (pp. 117–138). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  100. Wahler, R. G. (1980). The insular mother. Her problems in parent-child treatment. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 13, 207–219.Google Scholar
  101. Wahler, R. G., Cartor, P. G., Fleischman, J., & Lambert, W. (1993). The impact of synthesis teaching and parent training with mothers of conduct-disordered children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 21, 425–441.Google Scholar
  102. Walker, H. M. (1995). The acting-out child: Coping with classroom disruption (2nd ed.). Longmont, CO: Sopris West.Google Scholar
  103. Webster-Stratton, C. (1982). Long-term effects of a videotape modeling parent education program: Comparison of immediate and 1-year follow-up results. Behavior Therapy, 13, 712–714.Google Scholar
  104. Webster-Stratton, C. (1984). Randomized trial of two parent-training programs for families with conduct-disordered children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 52, 666–678.Google Scholar
  105. Webster-Stratton, C. (1990a). Long-term follow-up of families with young conduct problem children: From preschool to grade school. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 19, 144–149.Google Scholar
  106. Webster-Stratton, C. (1990b). Enhancing the effectiveness of self-administered videotape parent training for families with conduct-problem children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 18, 479–492.Google Scholar
  107. Webster-Stratton, C. (1992a). Individually administered videotape parent training: “Who benefits?” Cognitive Therapy and Research, 16, 31–52.Google Scholar
  108. Webster-Stratton, C. (1992b). The incredible years. A troubleshooting guide for parents of children aged 3–8. Toronto, Canada: Umbrella.Google Scholar
  109. Webster-Stratton, C. (1992c). The parents and children videotape series: Programs 1–10. Seattle, WA: Seth Enterprises. (To order, 1411 8th Ave. W., Seattle, WA 98119)Google Scholar
  110. Webster-Stratton, C. (1994). Advancing videotape parent training: A comparison study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 583–593.Google Scholar
  111. Webster-Stratton, C. (1995). Parent training with low-income clients: Promoting parental engagement through a collaborative approach. Paper presented at the Association for the Advancement in Behavior Therapy, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  112. Webster-Stratton, C., & Hammond, M. (1990). Predictors of treatment outcome in parent training for families with conduct problem children. Behavior Therapy, 21, 319–337.Google Scholar
  113. Webster-Stratton, C., & Hammond, M. (1997). Treating children with early-onset conduct problems: A comparison of child and parent training interventions. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 93–109.Google Scholar
  114. Webster-Stratton, C., & Herbert, M. (1993). What really happens in parent training?. Behavior Modifications, 17, 407–456.Google Scholar
  115. Webster-Stratton, C., & Herbert, M. (1994). Troubled families, problem children. Working with parents: A collaborative process. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  116. Webster-Stratton, C., Hollinsworth, T., & Kolpacoff, M. (1989). The long-term effectiveness and clinical significance of three cost-effective training programs for families with conduct-problem children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 550–553.Google Scholar
  117. Webster-Stratton, C., Kolpacoff, M., & Hollinsworth, T. (1988). Self-administered videotape therapy for families with conduct-problem children: Comparison with two cost-effective treatments and a control group. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 558–566.Google Scholar
  118. Webster-Stratton, C., & Spitzer, A. (1996). Parenting a young child with conduct problems. New insights using qualitative methods. In T. H. Ollendick & R. J. Prinz (Eds.), Advances in clinical child psychology (pp. 1–62). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  119. Weisz, R., Weiss, B., & Donenberg, G. R. (1992). The lab versus the clinic. Effect of child and adolescent psychotherapy. American Psychologist, 47, 1578–1585.Google Scholar
  120. Wells, K. C., & Egan, J. (1988). Social learning and systems family therapy for childhood oppositional disorder: Comparative treatment outcome. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 29, 138–146.Google Scholar
  121. Wells, K. C., Griest, D. L., & Forehand, R. (1980). The use of a self-control package to enhance temporal generality of a parent training program. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 18, 347–358.Google Scholar
  122. Werle, M. A., Murphy, R. B., & Budd, K. S. (1993). Treating chronic food refusal in young children: Home-based parent training. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 26, 421–433.Google Scholar
  123. Wiltz, N. A., & Patterson, G. R. (1974). An evaluation of parent training procedures designed to alter inappropriate aggressive behavior of boys. Behavior Therapy, 5, 215–221.Google Scholar
  124. Wolfe, D. A., Sandler, J., & Kaufman, K. (1981). A competency-based parent training program for child abusers. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 49, 633–640.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ted K. Taylor
    • 1
  • Anthony Biglan
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Community Interventions on ChildrearingOregon Research InstituteEugene

Personalised recommendations